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  1. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most important livestock diseases restricting international trade. While African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) act as the main wildlife reservoir, viral and immune response ...

    Authors: Eva Perez-Martin, Brianna Beechler, Fuquan Zhang, Katherine Scott, Lin-Mari de Klerk-Lorist, Georgina Limon, Brian Dugovich, Simon Gubbins, Arista Botha, Robyn Hetem, Louis van Schalkwyk, Nicholas Juleff, Francois F. Maree, Anna Jolles and Bryan Charleston
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:63
  2. Autophagy is an important conserved homeostatic process related to nutrient and energy deficiency and organelle damage in diverse eukaryotic cells and has been reported to play an important role in cellular re...

    Authors: Yukang Wen, Zhengkun Chen, Yaqin Tian, Mei Yang, Qingshuang Dong, Yujiao Yang and Honglei Ding
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:62
  3. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a prevalent and endemic swine pathogen which causes significant economic losses in the global swine industry. Multiple vaccines have been develope...

    Authors: Mingxin Zhang, Chunni Lu, Lizhan Su, Feixiang Long, Xia Yang, Xiaofeng Guo, Gaopeng Song, Tongqing An, Weisan Chen and Jianxin Chen
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:61
  4. Small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV) belong to the Retroviridae family and can cause various diseases. One of the most impacting diseases is visna-maedi, a complex disease characterized by long latencies and chr...

    Authors: Riccardo Moretti, Stefano Sartore, Barbara Colitti, Margherita Profiti, Stefania Chessa, Sergio Rosati and Paola Sacchi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:60
  5. Arginine (Arg), lysine (Lys), and methionine (Met) can be used to support the health status of turkeys. The present study investigated selected performance, gut integrity, and immunological parameters in turke...

    Authors: Paweł Konieczka, Bartłomiej Tykałowski, Katarzyna Ognik, Misza Kinsner, Dominika Szkopek, Maciej Wójcik, Dariusz Mikulski and Jan Jankowski
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:59
  6. Newcastle disease (ND) is an acute, febrile, and highly contagious disease caused by the Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an important pathogen harmful to domestic poultry. Virulent NDV strain infection induces ...

    Authors: Pei Gao, Shiyuan Zhang, Xinxin Zhang, Chenggang Xu, Libin Chen, Lei Fan, Jinlian Ren, Qiuyan Lin, Bin Xiang and Tao Ren
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:58
  7. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute disease of small ruminants caused by a morbillivirus. Clinical observation of the disease in the field revealed that several species of small ruminants are affected...

    Authors: Roger-Junior Eloiflin, Llorenç Grau-Roma, Sylvie Python, Kemal Mehinagic, Aurélie Godel, Geneviève Libeau, Artur Summerfield, Arnaud Bataille and Obdulio García-Nicolás
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:57
  8. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) remains a very serious barrier to agricultural development and the international trade of animals and animal products. Recently, serotype O has been the most prevalent FMDV serotyp...

    Authors: Pinghua Li, Shulun Huang, Jingjing Zha, Pun Sun, Dong Li, Huifang Bao, Yimei Cao, Xingwen Bai, Yuanfang Fu, Xueqing Ma, Kun Li, Hong Yuan, Jing Zhang, Zhixun Zhao, Jian Wang, Keqiang Zhang…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:56
  9. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a highly infectious disease caused by PRRS virus (PRRSV) that causes great economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. PRRSV has been recognized to ...

    Authors: Hong Duan, Haoxin Dong, Shuya Wu, Jiahui Ren, Mingfang Zhang, Chuangwei Chen, Yongkun Du, Gaiping Zhang and Angke Zhang
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:55
  10. The Shadoo and PrP prion protein family members are thought to be functionally related, but previous knockdown/knockout experiments in early mouse embryogenesis have provided seemingly contradictory results. I...

    Authors: Andrea Rau, Bruno Passet, Johan Castille, Nathalie Daniel-Carlier, Alexandre Asset, Jérome Lecardonnel, Marco Moroldo, Florence Jaffrézic, Denis Laloë, Katayoun Moazami-Goudarzi and Jean-Luc Vilotte
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:54
  11. Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is a pathogenic flavivirus that has caused enormous economic losses in Southeast Asia. Our previous study showed that DTMUV could induce duck embryo fibroblast (DEF) apoptosis, but t...

    Authors: Yuhong Pan, Wenjun Cai, Anchun Cheng, Mingshu Wang, Shun Chen, Juan Huang, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Di Sun, Sai Mao, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Xinxin Zhao, Shaqiu Zhang, Qun Gao, Xumin Ou…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:53
  12. In broiler breeders, background mortality is rarely addressed, however, it represents the death of a vast number of birds, a constant productivity loss, welfare concerns and it might affect chick quality. The ...

    Authors: Sofie Kromann, Sharmin Baig, Marc Stegger, Rikke Heidemann Olsen, Anders Miki Bojesen, Henrik Elvang Jensen and Ida Thøfner
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:52
  13. Bacterial biofilms are structured clusters of bacterial cells enclosed in a self-produced polymer matrix that are attached to a biotic or abiotic surface. This structure protects bacteria from hostile environm...

    Authors: Mario Jacques and François Malouin
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:51
  14. Humans can become infected with hepatitis E virus (HEV) by consumption of undercooked pork. To reduce the burden of HEV in humans, mitigation on pig farms is needed. HEV is found on most pig farms globally, ye...

    Authors: Marina Meester, Martijn Bouwknegt, Renate Hakze-van der Honing, Hans Vernooij, Manon Houben, Sophie van Oort, Wim H. M. van der Poel, Arjan Stegeman and Tijs Tobias
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:50
  15. Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) can cause neoplastic diseases in poultry and is still widely prevalent in China. Chicken telomerase reverse transcriptase (chTERT) is the core component of telomerase, w...

    Authors: Yong Xiang, Qinxi Chen, Qingbo Li, Canxin Liang and Weisheng Cao
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:49
  16. Cathepsin L is an important cysteine protease, but its function in T. spiralis remains unclear. The aim of this research was to explore the biological characteristics of T. spiralis cathepsin L (TsCatL) and its r...

    Authors: Ruo Dan Liu, Xiang Yu Meng, Chen Le Li, Shao Rong Long, Jing Cui and Zhong Quan Wang
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:48
  17. The present study investigates the pathogenicity of two recently isolated strains of Suid herpesvirus 1 (SuHV1), the Greek strain Hercules and the Chinese strain HeN1, in unvaccinated pigs and in pigs vaccinat...

    Authors: Konstantinos V. Papageorgiou, Margarita Michailidou, Ioannis Grivas, Evanthia Petridou, Efthymia Stamelou, Konstantinos Efraimidis, Lei Chen, Trevor W. Drew and Spyridon K. Kritas
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:47
  18. A universal vaccine protecting against multiple serotypes of Streptococcus suis is urgently needed to improve animal welfare and reduce the consumption of antibiotics. In this study, a dual antigen expression cas...

    Authors: Yu-an Li, Yanni Sun, Yang Fu, Yuqin Zhang, Quan Li, Shifeng Wang and Huoying Shi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:46
  19. Bovine paratuberculosis is an endemic disease caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map). Map is mainly transmitted between herds through movement of infected but undetected animals. Our obje...

    Authors: Floor Biemans, Jamie Tratalos, Sandie Arnoux, George Ramsbottom, Simon J. More and Pauline Ezanno
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:45
  20. Heterologous prime-boost vaccination with experimental or commercial influenza vaccines has been successful in various animal species. In this study, we have examined the efficacy of alternating 3 different Eu...

    Authors: Anna Parys, Elien Vandoorn, Koen Chiers and Kristien Van Reeth
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:44
  21. Based on differences in the amino acid sequence of the protein haemagglutinin (HA), the H9N2 avian influenza virus (H9N2 virus) has been clustered into multiple lineages, and its rapidly ongoing evolution incr...

    Authors: Rui Zhu, Shunshun Xu, Wangyangji Sun, Quan Li, Shifeng Wang, Huoying Shi and Xiufan Liu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:43
  22. This article focuses on the pathogenic significance of Helicobacter species naturally colonizing the stomach of dogs, cats and pigs. These gastric “non-Helicobacter (H.) pylori Helicobacter species” (NHPH) are le...

    Authors: Emily Taillieu, Koen Chiers, Irina Amorim, Fátima Gärtner, Dominiek Maes, Christophe Van Steenkiste and Freddy Haesebrouck
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:42
  23. Little is known about how co-infections and genotype dynamics affect Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae infection in fattening pigs. This study was aimed at assessing the role of co-infections in M. hyopneumoniae outbreaks...

    Authors: Matteo Tonni, Nicoletta Formenti, M. Beatrice Boniotti, Flavia Guarneri, Federico Scali, Claudia Romeo, Paolo Pasquali, Maria Pieters, Dominiek Maes and Giovanni L. Alborali
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:41
  24. Edwardsiella piscicida is a Gram-negative enteric pathogen that causes hemorrhagic septicemia in fish. The type III secretion system (T3SS) is one of its two most important virulence islands. T3SS protein EseJ in...

    Authors: Long Kun Wang, Shan Shan Sun, Shu Ya Zhang, Pin Nie and Hai Xia Xie
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:40
  25. Lawsonia intracellularis is the causative agent of proliferative enteropathy. While it harbors genes encoding the entire apparatus required for the type III secretion system (T3SS) and the expression of some of t...

    Authors: Cang Chen, Yimin Dai, Yingying Yang, Zihe Zhu, Qinghua Zhang, Xuejiao An and Fenju Lai
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:39
  26. Environmental transmission of Chlamydia abortus as a result of enzootic disease or disease outbreaks and the threats posed by this pathogen has been previously reported, however a state-of-the-science review of t...

    Authors: Lauretta Turin, Sara Surini, Nick Wheelhouse and Mara Silvia Rocchi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:37
  27. Th9 cells have been shown to play crucial roles in anti-parasite immunity, pathogenic microbe infection, and allergy. Previous studies have demonstrated that Haemonchus contortus excretory and secretory proteins ...

    Authors: Meng Liang, Mingmin Lu, Muhammad Tahir Aleem, Yang Zhang, Mingyue Wang, Zhaohai Wen, Xiaokai Song, Lixin Xu, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:36
  28. Infection with Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is a common cause of food-borne zoonosis leading to acute gastroenteritis in humans and pigs, causing economic losses to producers and farmers, and generatin...

    Authors: Juber Herrera-Uribe, Sara Zaldívar-López, Carmen Aguilar, Carmen Entrenas-García, Rocío Bautista, M. Gonzalo Claros and Juan J. Garrido
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:35
  29. Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV), a member of the family Flaviviridae and an economically important pathogen with a broad host range, leads to markedly decreased egg production. However, the molecular mechanism underly...

    Authors: Yuhong Pan, Xuedong Wu, Wenjun Cai, Anchun Cheng, Mingshu Wang, Shun Chen, Juan Huang, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Di Sun, Sai Mao, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Xinxin Zhao, Shaqiu Zhang, Qun Gao…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:34
  30. Autophagy has been demonstrated to play important roles in the infection and pathogenesis of many viruses. We previously found that porcine parvovirus (PPV) infection can induce autophagy in porcine placental ...

    Authors: Xiujuan Zhang, Peipei Ma, Ting Shao, Yingli Xiong, Qian Du, Songbiao Chen, Bichen Miao, Xuezhi Zhang, Xiaoya Wang, Yong Huang and Dewen Tong
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:33
  31. The NF-κB pathway is an essential signalling cascade in the defence against viral infections, including African swine fever virus (ASFV) infection. ASFV encodes more than 151 proteins via its own transcription...

    Authors: Huan Chen, Zhenzhong Wang, Xiaoyu Gao, Jiaxuan Lv, Yongxin Hu, Yong-Sam Jung, Shanyuan Zhu, Xiaodong Wu, Yingjuan Qian and Jianjun Dai
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:32
  32. Trained immunity is the capacity of innate immune cells to produce an improved response against a secondary infection after a previous unrelated infection. Salmonellosis represents a public health issue and af...

    Authors: Rita Vaz-Rodrigues, Elisa Ferreras-Colino, María Ugarte-Ruíz, Michele Pesciaroli, Jobin Thomas, Teresa García-Seco, Iker A. Sevilla, Marta Pérez-Sancho, Rafael Mateo, Lucas Domínguez, Christian Gortazar and María A. Risalde
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:31
  33. Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is a pathotype of extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli and one of the most serious infectious diseases of poultry. It not only causes great economic losses to the poultry in...

    Authors: Lei Yin, Baoyan Cheng, Jian Tu, Ying Shao, Xiangjun Song, Xiaocheng Pan and Kezong Qi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:30
  34. Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) play a key role in many aspects of immune response, and IRF1, IRF3, and IRF7 are positive regulators of IFN induction in mammals. However, IRF3, as the most critical regula...

    Authors: Zhenyu Lin, Jie Wang, Nian Zhang, Jianshu Yi, Zhaofei Wang, Jingjiao Ma, Hengan Wang, Yaxian Yan, Kun Qian, Jianhe Sun and Yuqiang Cheng
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:29
  35. In two “départements” in the South-West of France, bovine tuberculosis (bTB) outbreaks due to Mycobacterium bovis spoligotype SB0821 have been identified in cattle since 2002 and in wildlife since 2013. Using who...

    Authors: Hélène Duault, Lorraine Michelet, Maria-Laura Boschiroli, Benoit Durand and Laetitia Canini
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:28
  36. With a worldwide distribution, Eimeria spp. could result in serious economic losses to the poultry industry. Due to drug resistance and residues, there are no ideal drugs and vaccines against Eimeria spp. in food...

    Authors: ZhengQing Yu, SiYing Chen, JianMei Huang, WenXi Ding, YuFeng Chen, JunZhi Su, RuoFeng Yan, LiXin Xu, XiaoKai Song and XiangRui Li
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:27
  37. Mycoplasma hyorhinis may cause systemic inflammation of pigs, typically polyserositis and arthritis, and is also associated with several types of human cancer. However, the pathogenesis of M. hyorhinis colonizing...

    Authors: Jia Wang, Yanfei Yu, Yao Li, Shiyang Li, Li Wang, Yanna Wei, Yuzi Wu, Bala Pillay, Ademola Olufolahan Olaniran, Thamsanqa E. Chiliza, Guoqing Shao, Zhixin Feng and Qiyan Xiong
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:26
  38. Biomarkers of inflammation are valuable tools for health status evaluation in numerous species. However, in poultry, methods for measuring acute phase proteins (APP) are sparse and rely on manual laboratory la...

    Authors: Sofie Kromann, Rikke Heidemann Olsen, Anders Miki Bojesen, Henrik Elvang Jensen and Ida Thøfner
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:25
  39. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a new type of endogenous noncoding RNA that exhibit a variety of biological functions. However, it is not clear whether they are involved in foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) inf...

    Authors: JinKe Yang, Bo Yang, Yong Wang, Ting Zhang, Yu Hao, HuiMei Cui, DengShuai Zhao, XingGuo Yuan, XueHui Chen, ChaoChao Shen, WenQian Yan, HaiXue Zheng, KeShan Zhang and Xiangtao Liu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:24
  40. Streptococcus suis is a significant economic and welfare concern in the swine industry. Pan-genome analysis provides an in-silico approach for the discovery of genes involved in pathogenesis in bacterial pathogen...

    Authors: April A. Estrada, Marcelo Gottschalk, Connie J. Gebhart and Douglas G. Marthaler
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:23
  41. Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) are cytosolic pattern recognition receptors that initiate innate antiviral immunity. Recent reports found that duck RLRs significantly restrict duck...

    Authors: Tianqiong He, Mingshu Wang, Anchun Cheng, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Renyong Jia, Shun Chen, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Xinxin Zhao, Shaqiu Zhang, Juan Huang, Bin Tian, Xumin Ou, Sai Mao, Di Sun…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:22
  42. The aim of this study was to investigate whether oral administration of Lactobacillus brevis 23017 (LB) alone and in combination with ellagic acid inhibits ChTLR15/ChNLRP3/ChIL-1β by activating the Nrf2/HO-1 path...

    Authors: Xuelian Yang, Xinghui Pan, Zhipeng Jia, Bingrong Bai, Wenjing Zhi, Hang Chen, Chunli Ma and Dexing Ma
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:21
  43. Mycoplasma (M.) hyopneumoniae interacts with the respiratory microbiota and facilitates colonization of other pathogens. The present study investigated the pulmonary and nasal microbiota of M. hyopneumoniae-infec...

    Authors: Karina Sonalio, Henrique M. S. Almeida, Marina L. Mechler-Dreibi, Gabriel Y. Storino, Freddy Haesebrouck, Dominiek Maes and Luís Guilherme de Oliveira
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:20
  44. The intestinal epithelium is the first natural barrier against Trichinella spiralis larval invasion, but the mechanism of larval invasion of the gut epithelium is not fully elucidated. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Yan Yan Song, Qi Qi Lu, Lu Lu Han, Shu Wei Yan, Xin Zhuo Zhang, Ruo Dan Liu, Shao Rong Long, Jing Cui and Zhong Quan Wang
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:19
  45. The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum can cause an endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) response. If ERS continues or cannot be alleviated, it will cause the production ...

    Authors: Jingyun Xu, Zixuan Pang, Jinpeng Zhang, Shuang Xia, Ruibiao Wang, Yuheng Zhang, Jingbo Zhen, Xuewei Song, Lihao Lin, Feng Sun, Xinxin Xuan and Yixin Lu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:18
  46. Pasteurella multocida infection frequently causes fowl cholera outbreaks, leading to huge economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. This study developed a novel live attenuated P. multocida vaccine strai...

    Authors: Xinxin Zhao, Fuxiang Yang, Hui Shen, Yi Liao, Dekang Zhu, Mingshu Wang, Renyong Jia, Shun Chen, Mafeng Liu, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Shaqiu Zhang, Juan Huang, Xumin Ou, Sai Mao, Qun Gao…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:17
  47. Brucella melitensis and Brucella ovis are gram-negative pathogens of sheep that cause severe economic losses and, although B. ovis is non-zoonotic, B. melitensis is the main cause of human brucellosis. B. meliten...

    Authors: Pilar M. Muñoz, Raquel Conde-Álvarez, Sara Andrés-Barranco, María-Jesús de Miguel, Amaia Zúñiga-Ripa, Beatriz Aragón-Aranda, Miriam Salvador-Bescós, Estrella Martínez-Gómez, Maite Iriarte, Montserrat Barberán, Nieves Vizcaíno, Ignacio Moriyón and José M. Blasco
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:16
  48. Three-dimensional (3D) intestinal enteroids are powerful in vitro models for studying intestinal biology. However, due to their closed structure direct access to the apical surface is impeded, limiting high-th...

    Authors: Kate M. Sutton, Brigid Orr, Jayne Hope, Stina R. Jensen and Lonneke Vervelde
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:15
  49. Infectious diseases in livestock are well-known to infect multiple hosts and persist through a combination of within- and between-host transmission pathways. Uncertainty remains about the epidemic dynamics of ...

    Authors: Nicolas C. Cardenas, Abagael L. Sykes, Francisco P. N. Lopes and Gustavo Machado
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:14

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