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  1. Content type: Research article

    Johne’s disease (JD) is a chronic enteritis caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), with control primarily aimed at preventing new infections among calves. The aim of the current study was to...

    Authors: Caroline S. Corbett, Mart C. M. de Jong, Karin Orsel, Jeroen De Buck and Herman W. Barkema

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:60

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Susceptibility to prion diseases is largely determined by the sequence of the prion protein gene (PRNP), which encodes the prion protein (PrP). The recent emergence of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in Europe has ...

    Authors: Amy L. Robinson, Helen Williamson, Mariella E. Güere, Helene Tharaldsen, Karis Baker, Stephanie L. Smith, Sílvia Pérez-Espona, Jarmila Krojerová-Prokešová, Josephine M. Pemberton, Wilfred Goldmann and Fiona Houston

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:59

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Lawsonia intracellularis, an obligate intracellular bacterium, is an important enteric pathogen in pig herds and horse farms worldwide. The hallmark feature of L. intracellularis infection is the proliferation of...

    Authors: Talita Pilar Resende, Ramya Lekha Medida, Yue Guo, Fabio A. Vannucci, Milena Saqui-Salces and Connie Gebhart

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:57

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Mycoplasma hyorhinis are two phylogenetically related species colonizing the respiratory tract of pigs but differing in pathogenicity, the basis of which is not well resolved. We hypo...

    Authors: Bettina S. Trueeb, Simona Gerber, Dominiek Maes, Walid H. Gharib and Peter Kuhnert

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:55

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Yersinia ruckeri is the causative agent of enteric redmouth disease in salmonids. In fish, the intestine represents an important site of nutrient uptake, host–pathogen interactions, and defense. The posterior int...

    Authors: Gokhlesh Kumar, Karin Hummel, Ebrahim Razzazi-Fazeli and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:54

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Our previous studies demonstrated that matrine directly acts on the replication process of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). Matrine inhibits viral replication and is also associated...

    Authors: Panpan Sun, Na Sun, Wei Yin, Yaogui Sun, Kuohai Fan, Jianhua Guo, Ajab Khan, Yongming He and Hongquan Li

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:53

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus suis serotype 2 is an important porcine pathogen and zoonotic agent causing sudden death, septic shock and meningitis, with exacerbated inflammation being a hallmark of the infection. A rapid, effec...

    Authors: Agustina Lavagna, Jean-Philippe Auger, Audrey Dumesnil, David Roy, Stephen E. Girardin, Nicolas Gisch, Mariela Segura and Marcelo Gottschalk

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:52

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, the agent of porcine enzootic pneumonia (EP), is able to persist in the lung tissue and evade destruction by the host for several weeks. To understand the mechanism of pathogen survival,...

    Authors: Alannah S. Deeney, Gareth A. Maglennon, Ludivine Chapat, Steve Crussard, Edmond Jolivet and Andrew N. Rycroft

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:51

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Nervous necrosis virus (NNV), Genus Betanodavirus, is the causative agent of viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER), a neuropathological disease that causes fish mortalities worldwide. The NNV genome is compo...

    Authors: Sandra Souto, Lucía Vázquez-Salgado, José G. Olveira and Isabel Bandín

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:50

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  10. Content type: Research article

    An ethanolic extract from Rhodomyrtus tomentosa leaves (RTL) was studied as a natural alternative to control Staphylococcus aureus, which is an important pathogen responsible for bovine mastitis. The minimal inhi...

    Authors: Auemphon Mordmuang, Eric Brouillette, Supayang Piyawan Voravuthikunchai and François Malouin

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:49

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are an important cause of post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in piglets. The IL-17 cytokine family is well known to play important roles in the host defense against bacterial infe...

    Authors: Yu Luo, Jia Xu, Chaoying Zhang, Chunyan Jiang, Yanfeng Ma, Haijian He, Yuan Wu, Bert Devriendt, Eric Cox and Hongbin Zhang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:48

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The anaerobic intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira hyodysenteriae colonises the large intestine of pigs and causes swine dysentery (SD), a severe mucohaemorrhagic colitis. SD occurs worldwide, and control is hamper...

    Authors: Tom La, Nyree Dale Phillips, Flaminia Coiacetto and David John Hampson

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:47

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal health problems are a major issue in the poultry industry. Quantifiable easy-to-measure biomarkers for intestinal health would be of great value to monitor subclinical intestinal entities that cause...

    Authors: Fien De Meyer, Venessa Eeckhaut, Richard Ducatelle, Maarten Dhaenens, Simon Daled, Annelike Dedeurwaerder, Maarten De Gussem, Freddy Haesebrouck, Dieter Deforce and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:46

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Field studies on Salmonella infection in suckling piglets are scarce due to the intrinsic difficulties of collecting proper samples (i.e. tonsils or mesenteric lymph nodes), and most of them rely on the analysis ...

    Authors: Alejandro Casanova-Higes, Clara Mª Marín-Alcalá, Sara Andrés-Barranco, Alberto Cebollada-Solanas, Julio Alvarez and Raúl C. Mainar-Jaime

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:45

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to analyze bacterial profiles of bovine mastitic milk samples and samples from healthy quarters using Next Generation Sequencing of amplicons from 16S rRNA genes and to compare result...

    Authors: Suvi Taponen, David McGuinness, Heidi Hiitiö, Heli Simojoki, Ruth Zadoks and Satu Pyörälä

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:44

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Riemerella anatipestifer is a major pathogenic agent of duck septicemic and exudative diseases. Genetic analyses suggest that this pathogen has a novel protein secretion system, known as the “type IX secretion sy...

    Authors: Zongchao Chen, Xiaolan Wang, Xiaomei Ren, Wenlong Han, Kanwar Kumar Malhi, Chan Ding and Shengqing Yu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:43

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Haemonchus contortus (H. contortus) has evolved sophisticated evasion mechanisms to ensure their survival, including generating excretion and secretion products (ESPs) to regulate the secretion of host cytokines....

    Authors: XiaoWei Tian, MingMin Lu, WenJuan Wang, CaiWen Jia, Ehsan Muhammad, RuoFeng Yan, LiXin Xu, XiaoKai Song and XiangRui Li

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:42

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Recently, Vibrio tapetis was isolated for the first time from skin ulcerations in wild-caught common dab (Limanda limanda). To further examine its role in the development of these skin lesions, an in vivo experim...

    Authors: Maaike Vercauteren, Evelien De Swaef, Annelies M. Declercq, Hans Polet, Johan Aerts, Bart Ampe, Jesus L. Romalde, Freddy Haesebrouck, Lisa Devriese, Annemie Decostere and Koen Chiers

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:41

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Systemic infections caused by avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are economically devastating to poultry industries worldwide and are also potentially threatening to human health. Pathogens must be able to ...

    Authors: Zhengfei Yi, Dong Wang, Suhua Xin, Dongliang Zhou, Tao Li, Mingxing Tian, Jingjing Qi, Chan Ding, Shaohui Wang and Shengqing Yu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:40

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter suis has been associated with development of gastric ulcers in the non-glandular part of the porcine stomach, possibly by affecting gastric acid secretion and altering the gastric microbiota. Fusobac...

    Authors: Chloë De Witte, Kristel Demeyere, Sofie De Bruyckere, Bernard Taminiau, Georges Daube, Richard Ducatelle, Evelyne Meyer and Freddy Haesebrouck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:39

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  21. Content type: Short report

    Footpad lesions are an important factor in evaluation of animal welfare in broilers regulated by law; however, no legal requirements have been set for the parent birds. Nevertheless, the present study confirms...

    Authors: Ida Cecilie Naundrup Thøfner, Louise Ladefoged Poulsen, Magne Bisgaard, Henrik Christensen, Rikke Heidemann Olsen and Jens Peter Christensen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:38

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  22. Content type: Short report

    The fusogenically activated F and HN proteins of virulent NDV induce complete autophagic flux in DF-1 and A549 cells. However, the effect of both glycoproteins on mitochondria remains elusive. Here, we found t...

    Authors: Shanhui Ren, Zaib Ur Rehman, Mengyu Shi, Bin Yang, Panrao Liu, Yuncong Yin, Yurong Qu, Chunchun Meng, Zengqi Yang, Xiaolong Gao, Yingjie Sun and Chan Ding

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:37

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  23. Content type: Research article

    A longitudinal study was performed in three Danish farrow to grower (30 kilos) herds over a 4-month period to investigate the dynamics and clinical impacts of influenza A virus (IAV) infections. In each herd, ...

    Authors: Pia Ryt-Hansen, Inge Larsen, Charlotte Sonne Kristensen, Jesper Schak Krog, Silke Wacheck and Lars Erik Larsen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:36

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Viral metagenomic analysis of the liver of a black headed python (Aspidites melanocephalus) euthanized for a proliferative spinal lesion of unknown etiology yielded the first characterized genome of a reptile-inf...

    Authors: Eda Altan, Steven V. Kubiski, Jennifer Burchell, Elizabeth Bicknese, Xutao Deng and Eric Delwart

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:35

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral infection of cloven-hoofed animals. In Kenya, the disease is endemic with outbreaks typically occurring throughout the year. A cross-sectional study wa...

    Authors: Dickson Machira Nyaguthii, Bryony Armson, Philip Mwanzia Kitala, Beatriz Sanz-Bernardo, Antonello Di Nardo and Nicholas Anthony Lyons

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:33

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Lactococcus garvieae is a significant pathogen in aquaculture with a potential zoonotic risk. To begin to characterize the late immune response of trout to lactococcosis, we selected infected individuals showing ...

    Authors: Rosario Castro, Julio Coll, María del Mar Blanco, Antonio Rodriguez-Bertos, Luc Jouneau, José Francisco Fernández-Garayzábal and Alicia Gibello

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:32

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is a facultative intracellular pathogen, and intracellular persistence in macrophages is essential for APEC extraintestinal dissemination. Until now, there is still no sys...

    Authors: Xiangkai Zhuge, Yu Sun, Min Jiang, Juanfang Wang, Fang Tang, Feng Xue, Jianluan Ren, Weiyun Zhu and Jianjun Dai

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:31

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  28. Content type: Research article

    To explore the regional spread of endemic pathogens, investigations are required both at within and between population levels. The bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is such a pathogen, spreading among cattle...

    Authors: Luyuan Qi, Gaël Beaunée, Sandie Arnoux, Bhagat Lal Dutta, Alain Joly, Elisabeta Vergu and Pauline Ezanno

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:30

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  29. Content type: Short report

    Vaccines and genetic resistance offer potential future alternatives to the exclusive use of anthelmintics to control gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN). Here, a Teladorsagia circumcincta prototype vaccine was admin...

    Authors: Jorge F. González, Julia N. Hernández, Cynthia Machín, Tara Pérez-Hernández, Harry W. Wright, Yolanda Corripio-Miyar, Daniel R. G. Price, Jacqueline B. Matthews, Tom N. McNeilly and Alasdair J. Nisbet

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:29

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV) is an enteropathogenic coronavirus that causes diarrhea in pigs and is associated with high morbidity and mortality in sucking piglets. S1 is one of two protein...

    Authors: Peng Yuan, Shilei Huang, Zhou Yang, Luyi Xie, Kai Wang, Yang Yang, Lin Ran, Qiuhan Yu and Zhenhui Song

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:28

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Newcastle disease virus (NDV) can select cells to infect, but the mechanism of its cell selectivity has not been comprehensively investigated. Here, we use HeLa cells to establish that NDV can selectively infe...

    Authors: Zhili Chu, Xiaolong Gao, Haijin Liu, Jiangang Ma, Caiying Wang, Kejia Lu, Qingsong Han, Yanhong Wang, Chongyang Wang, Fathalrhman E. A. Adam, Xinglong Wang, Sa Xiao and Zengqi Yang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:27

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Thioredoxins (Trxs) play an important role in defending against oxidative stress and keeping disulfide bonding correct to maintain protein function. Edwardsiella piscicida, a severe fish pathogen, has been shown ...

    Authors: Bi-ying Wang, Hui-qin Huang, Shuang Li, Ping Tang, Hao-fu Dai, Jian-an Xian, Dong-mei Sun and Yong-hua Hu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:26

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is the most commonly isolated pathogen from clinical bovine mastitis samples and a difficult pathogen to combat. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent progenitor cells equipped with a...

    Authors: Berly Cahuascanco, Javiera Bahamonde, Olger Huaman, Miguel Jervis, Jahaira Cortez, Jaime Palomino, Alejandro Escobar, Patricio Retamal, Cristian G. Torres and Oscar Alejandro Peralta

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:25

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The impact of cortisol on Flavobacterium columnare biofilm formation was explored. Firstly, the dynamics of biofilm formation by one highly (HV) and one low virulent (LV) F. columnare isolate with and without the...

    Authors: Annelies Maria Declercq, Wenlong Cai, Eber Naranjo, Wilawan Thongda, Venessa Eeckhaut, Eva Bauwens, Covadonga Arias, Leonardo De La Fuente, Benjamin H. Beck, Miles D. Lange, Eric Peatman, Freddy Haesebrouck, Johan Aerts and Annemie Decostere

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:24

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis is an important zoonotic disease affecting up to 40 kinds of animals and 250 million people. It has been reported that the miRNAs play a role in the metabolism, differentiation, development and...

    Authors: Jie Yu, Ying Yu, Qing Li, Muxin Chen, Haimo Shen, RuiXiang Zhang, Mingxin Song and Wei Hu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:23

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Nuclear localization of paramyxovirus proteins is crucial for virus life cycle, including the regulation of viral replication and the evasion of host immunity. We previously showed that a recombinant Newcastle...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Duan, Shanshan Deng, Xinqin Ji, Jiafu Zhao, Chao Yuan and Hongbo Gao

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:22

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae is widespread globally, and can cause mucohaemorrhagic colitis (swine dysentery, SD) with severe economic impact in infected herds. Typical strains of B. hyodysenteriae are strongl...

    Authors: Roderick M. Card, Tom La, Eric R. Burrough, Richard J. Ellis, Javier Nunez-Garcia, Jill R. Thomson, Maxime Mahu, Nyree D. Phillips, David J. Hampson, Judith Rohde and Alexander W. Tucker

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:21

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) infection can cause tumors and immunosuppression in infected chickens. Macrophages play a central role in host defense against invading pathogens. In this study, we disc...

    Authors: Min Feng, Tingting Xie, Yuanfang Li, Nan Zhang, Qiuyuan Lu, Yaohong Zhou, Meiqing Shi, Jingchen Sun and Xiquan Zhang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:20

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is an economically important swine pathogen but some extra trigger factors are required for the development of PCV2-associated diseases. By evaluating cap protein expression, v...

    Authors: Nianhui Zhai, Kai Liu, Hu Li, Zixuan Liu, Hong Wang, Viktor I. Korolchuk, Bernadette Carroll, Cuiling Pan, Fang Gan, Kehe Huang and Xingxiang Chen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:19

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The G1-H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) has caused significant economic losses in the commercial poultry industry due to reduced egg production and increased mortality. The field observations have shown that H...

    Authors: Giang Thu Nguyen, Fabienne Rauw, Mieke Steensels, Fiona Ingrao, Francesco Bonfante, Irit Davidson and Bénédicte Lambrecht

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:18

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD) is one of the most serious infectious diseases in pigs worldwide. The primary causative agent of PCVAD is porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), which can cause lymphoi...

    Authors: Gen Liu, Yanchao Wang, Shijin Jiang, Minmin Sui, Changying Wang, Li Kang, Yi Sun and Yunliang Jiang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:17

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) emerged in 2006 in China and caused great economic losses for the swine industry because of the lack of an effective vaccine...

    Authors: Shengliang Cao, Fangyuan Cong, Min Tan, Guofei Ding, Jiaqi Liu, Li Li, Yuzhong Zhao, Sidang Liu and Yihong Xiao

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:16

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The chicken gut is constantly exposed to harmful molecules and microorganisms which endanger the integrity of the intestinal wall. Strengthening intestinal mucosal integrity is a key target for feed additives ...

    Authors: Marisol Aguirre, Juhani Vuorenmaa, Eija Valkonen, Hannele Kettunen, Chana Callens, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle, Filip Van Immerseel and Evy Goossens

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:15

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) mediated diseases have emerged throughout salmonid aquaculture. Three PRV subtypes are currently reported as causative agents of or in association with diseases in different salmoni...

    Authors: Niccoló Vendramin, Dhamotharan Kannimuthu, Anne Berit Olsen, Argelia Cuenca, Lena Hammerlund Teige, Øystein Wessel, Tine Moesgaard Iburg, Maria Krudtaa Dahle, Espen Rimstad and Niels Jørgen Olesen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:14

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Equine herpesvirus type 5 (EHV5) is a ubiquitous, yet obscure pathogen in the horse population and is commonly associated with fatal equine multinodular pulmonary fibrosis (EMPF). To date, little is known abou...

    Authors: Jolien Van Cleemput, Katrien C. K. Poelaert, Kathlyn Laval and Hans J. Nauwynck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:13

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) causes a major disease problem for the poultry industry worldwide. The currently used live-attenuated vaccines have the tendency to mutate and/or recombine with circulating fi...

    Authors: Hassanein H. Abozeid, Anandan Paldurai, Berin P. Varghese, Sunil K. Khattar, Manal A. Afifi, Sahar Zouelfakkar, Ayman H. El-Deeb, Magdy F. El-Kady and Siba K. Samal

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:12

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP), caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae is a severe disease widespread in Africa and Asia. Limited knowledge is available on the pathogenesis of this orga...

    Authors: Anne Liljander, Flavio Sacchini, Michael H. Stoffel, Elise Schieck, Nadine Stokar-Regenscheit, Fabien Labroussaa, Martin Heller, Jeremy Salt, Joachim Frey, Laurent Falquet, Danny Goovaerts and Joerg Jores

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2019 50:10

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