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  1. Content type: Research article

    Laboratory cats were infected with a serotype I cat-passaged field strain of FIP virus (FIPV) and peritoneal cells harvested 2–3 weeks later at onset of lymphopenia, fever and serositis. Comparison peritoneal ...

    Authors: Rie Watanabe, Christina Eckstrand, Hongwei Liu and Niels C. Pedersen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:81

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Newcastle disease virus (NDV)-attenuated vaccine has been widely used since the 1950s and made great progress in preventing and controlling Newcastle disease. However, many reports mention exogenous virus cont...

    Authors: Qi Su, Yang Li, Yawen Zhang, Zhihui Zhang, Fanfeng Meng, Zhizhong Cui, Shuang Chang and Peng Zhao

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:80

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Post-partum metritis is among the most prevalent disease in dairy cows affecting animal welfare and inflicting considerable economic loses. While post-partum contamination of the uterus is rife in dairy cows, ...

    Authors: Ron Sicsic, Tamir Goshen, Rahul Dutta, Noa Kedem-Vaanunu, Veronica Kaplan-Shabtai, Zohar Pasternak, Yuval Gottlieb, Nahum Y. Shpigel and Tal Raz

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:77

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  4. Content type: Research article

    A spatial data-driven stochastic model was developed to explore the spread of verotoxigenic Escherichia coli O157 (VTEC O157) by livestock movements and local transmission among neighbouring holdings in the compl...

    Authors: Stefan Widgren, Stefan Engblom, Ulf Emanuelson and Ann Lindberg

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:78

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to study the molecular characteristics of Trichinella spiralis galectin (Tsgal) and interactions between Tsgal and host’s intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). The functional domain of Tsg...

    Authors: Jia Xu, Fan Yang, Da Qi Yang, Peng Jiang, Ruo Dan Liu, Xi Zhang, Jing Cui and Zhong Quan Wang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:79

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  6. Content type: Review

    The alarming number of recently reported human illnesses with bacterial infections resistant to multiple antibacterial agents has become a serious concern in recent years. This phenomenon is a core challenge f...

    Authors: Yousef I. Hassan, Ludovic Lahaye, Max M. Gong, Jian Peng, Joshua Gong, Song Liu, Cyril G. Gay and Chengbo Yang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:71

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  7. Content type: Review

    Due to the continuing global concerns involving antibiotic resistance, there is a need for scientific forums to assess advancements in the development of antimicrobials and their alternatives that might reduce...

    Authors: Bruce S. Seal, Djamel Drider, Brian B. Oakley, Harald Brüssow, David Bikard, Joseph O. Rich, Stefan Miller, Estelle Devillard, Jason Kwan, Gérard Bertin, Stuart Reeves, Steven M. Swift, Margot Raicek and Cyril G. Gay

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:66

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  8. Content type: Review

    Vaccines and other alternative products can help minimize the need for antibiotics by preventing and controlling infectious diseases in animal populations, and are central to the future success of animal agric...

    Authors: Karin Hoelzer, Lisa Bielke, Damer P. Blake, Eric Cox, Simon M. Cutting, Bert Devriendt, Elisabeth Erlacher-Vindel, Evy Goossens, Kemal Karaca, Stephane Lemiere, Martin Metzner, Margot Raicek, Miquel Collell Suriñach, Nora M. Wong, Cyril Gay and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:64

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  9. Content type: Review

    Innate defense mechanisms are aimed at quickly containing and removing infectious microorganisms and involve local stromal and immune cell activation, neutrophil recruitment and activation and the induction of...

    Authors: Albert van Dijk, Chris J. Hedegaard, Henk P. Haagsman and Peter M. H. Heegaard

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:68

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  10. Content type: Review

    There are heightened concerns globally on emerging drug-resistant superbugs and the lack of new antibiotics for treating human and animal diseases. For the agricultural industry, there is an urgent need to dev...

    Authors: Hyun Lillehoj, Yanhong Liu, Sergio Calsamiglia, Mariano E. Fernandez-Miyakawa, Fang Chi, Ron L. Cravens, Sungtaek Oh and Cyril G. Gay

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:76

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  11. Content type: Review

    Vaccines and other alternative products are central to the future success of animal agriculture because they can help minimize the need for antibiotics by preventing and controlling infectious diseases in anim...

    Authors: Karin Hoelzer, Lisa Bielke, Damer P. Blake, Eric Cox, Simon M. Cutting, Bert Devriendt, Elisabeth Erlacher-Vindel, Evy Goossens, Kemal Karaca, Stephane Lemiere, Martin Metzner, Margot Raicek, Miquel Collell Suriñach, Nora M. Wong, Cyril Gay and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:70

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Animal tuberculosis (TB) remains a major problem in some countries despite the existence of control programmes focused mainly on cattle. In this species, aerogenous transmission is accepted as the most frequen...

    Authors: Miriam Serrano, Iker A. Sevilla, Miguel Fuertes, Mariví Geijo, Maria Ángeles Risalde, Jose Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Christian Gortazar, Ramón A. Juste, Lucas Domínguez, Natalia Elguezabal and Joseba M. Garrido

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:74

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is an important globally distributed and highly contagious pathogen that has restricted cell tropism in vivo and in vitro. In the present study, we f...

    Authors: Xiao-Bo Chang, Yong-Qian Yang, Jia-Cong Gao, Kuan Zhao, Jin-Chao Guo, Chao Ye, Cheng-Gang Jiang, Zhi-Jun Tian, Xue-Hui Cai, Guang-Zhi Tong and Tong-Qing An

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:75

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  14. Content type: Short report

    Novel H1N2 and H3N2 swine influenza A viruses (IAVs) were identified in commercial farms in Chile. These viruses contained H1, H3 and N2 sequences, genetically divergent from IAVs described worldwide, associat...

    Authors: Rodrigo Tapia, Victoria García, Juan Mena, Sergio Bucarey, Rafael A. Medina and Víctor Neira

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:73

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus is the major cause of very severe mastitis of dairy goats. The initial objective of our study was to fine-tune an experimental model of infection of the goat mammary gland with two strains o...

    Authors: Pascal Rainard, Christophe Gitton, Thierry Chaumeil, Thierry Fassier, Christophe Huau, Mickael Riou, Gwenola Tosser-Klopp, Zuzana Krupova, Anne Chaize, Florence B. Gilbert, Rachel Rupp and Patrice Martin

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:72

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis encodes different virulence mechanisms to survive inside of host cells. One of the possible outcomes in this host–pathogen interaction is cell death...

    Authors: Alejandro Benítez-Guzmán, Lourdes Arriaga-Pizano, Julio Morán and José A. Gutiérrez-Pabello

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:69

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cellular entry mediators define whether the cell is permissive to PRRSV infection. Porcine sialoadhesin (pSn, Siglec-1) and CD163 are main entry mediators facilitating infection of porcine macrophages by PRRSV...

    Authors: Jiexiong Xie, Isaura Christiaens, Bo Yang, Ivan Trus, Bert Devriendt, Tingting Cui, Ruifang Wei and Hans J. Nauwynck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:67

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  18. Content type: Short report

    Porcine precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) were used to analyze the effect of the ciliary activity on infection of airway epithelial cells by influenza viruses. Treatment of slices with 2% NaCl for 30 min result...

    Authors: Yuguang Fu, Jie Tong, Fandan Meng, Doris Hoeltig, Guangliang Liu, Xiangping Yin and Georg Herrler

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:65

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Bluetongue disease is caused by bluetongue virus (BTV) and BTV serotype 8 (BTV8) caused great economic damage in Europe during the last decade. From 1998 to 2007, in addition to BTV8, Europe had to face the em...

    Authors: Ludovic Martinelle, Fabiana Dal Pozzo, Christine Thys, Ilse De Leeuw, Willem Van Campe, Kris De Clercq, Etienne Thiry and Claude Saegerman

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:63

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) belongs to the genus Morbillivirus that causes an acute and highly contagious disease in goats and sheep. Virus infection can trigger the change in the cellular microRNA (m...

    Authors: Xuefeng Qi, Ting Wang, Qinghong Xue, Zhen Li, Bo Yang and Jingyu Wang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:62

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) is the cause of Johne’s disease, a chronic enteritis of cattle. A significant knowledge gap is how persistence of Map within the intestinal tract after infect...

    Authors: Kevin J. Stinson, Monica M. Baquero and Brandon L. Plattner

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:58

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  22. Content type: Research article

    In our previous work, a Trichinella spiralis putative serine protease (TsSP) was identified from ES products of T. spiralis intestinal infective larvae (IIL) and adult worms (AW) by immunoproteomics: it was highl...

    Authors: Ge Ge Sun, Hua Nan Ren, Ruo Dan Liu, Yan Yan Song, Xin Qi, Chen Xi Hu, Fan Yang, Peng Jiang, Xi Zhang, Zhong Quan Wang and Jing Cui

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:59

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Paratuberculosis, a gastrointestinal disease caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map), can lead to severe economic losses in dairy cattle farms. Current measures are aimed at controlling preval...

    Authors: Guillaume Camanes, Alain Joly, Christine Fourichon, Racem Ben Romdhane and Pauline Ezanno

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:60

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  24. Content type: Review

    The mass vaccination of dogs is a proven tool for rabies prevention. Besides parenteral delivery of inactivated vaccines, over the past several decades, several self-replicating biologics, including modified-l...

    Authors: Florence Cliquet, Anne-Laure Guiot, Michel Aubert, Emmanuelle Robardet, Charles E. Rupprecht and François-Xavier Meslin

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:61

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The obligate intracellular pathogen Lawsonia intracellularis (LI), the etiological agent of proliferative enteropathy (PE), poses a substantial economic loss in the swine industry worldwide. In this study, we gen...

    Authors: Suyeon Park, Gayeon Won, Jehyoung Kim, Hyeun Bum Kim and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:57

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Cattle are an economically important domestic animal species. In vitro 2D cultures of intestinal epithelial cells or epithelial cell lines have been widely used to study cell function and host–pathogen interac...

    Authors: Carly A. Hamilton, Rachel Young, Siddharth Jayaraman, Anuj Sehgal, Edith Paxton, Sarah Thomson, Frank Katzer, Jayne Hope, Elisabeth Innes, Liam J. Morrison and Neil A. Mabbott

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:54

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The expression of T regulatory cells (Foxp3), regulatory (interleukin [IL]-10 and transforming growth factor beta [TGF-β]) and proinflammatory (tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α] and interleukin [IL]-1β) cyto...

    Authors: Isabel L. Pacheco, Nieves Abril, Rafael Zafra, Verónica Molina-Hernández, Noelia Morales-Prieto, María J. Bautista, María T. Ruiz-Campillo, Raúl Pérez-Caballero, Alvaro Martínez-Moreno and José Pérez

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:56

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), identified in 2003, is a member of the Coronaviridae family. The virus is a betacoronavirus and a close relative of human coronavirus OC43 and bovine coronavirus. Here, we ...

    Authors: Artur Szczepanski, Katarzyna Owczarek, Aleksandra Milewska, Zbigniew Baster, Zenon Rajfur, Judy A. Mitchell and Krzysztof Pyrc

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:55

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Efforts to develop live attenuated vaccines against Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map), using indirect methods to screen Map deletion mutants for potential efficacy, have not been successful. A...

    Authors: Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Mahmoud M. Elnaggar, John P. Bannantine, Kun T. Park, Cleverson D. Souza, Brian Backer, Victoria Hulubei, Lindsay M. Fry, Samy A. Khaliel, Helmy A. Torky, David A. Schneider and William C. Davis

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:53

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal health is critically important for the welfare and performance of poultry. Enteric diseases that cause gut barrier failure result in high economic losses. Up till now there is no reliable faecal mar...

    Authors: Evy Goossens, Griet Debyser, Chana Callens, Maarten De Gussem, Annelike Dedeurwaerder, Bart Devreese, Freddy Haesebrouck, Monika Flügel, Stefan Pelzer, Frank Thiemann, Richard Ducatelle and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:51

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Duck hepatitis A virus 3 (DHAV-3), the only member of the novel genus Avihepatovirus, in the family Picornaviridae, can cause significant economic losses for duck farms in China. Reports on the pathogenicity and ...

    Authors: Xuelian Zhang, Chong Cao, Yue Liu, Haihui Qi, Wenjing Zhang, Chunxue Hao, Haotian Chen, Qi Zhang, Wenlong Zhang, Mingchun Gao, Junwei Wang and Bo Ma

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:52

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a retrovirus that infects B cells in cattle and causes bovine leukosis after a long latent period. Progressive exhaustion of T cell functions is considered to facilitate disease ...

    Authors: Tomohiro Okagawa, Satoru Konnai, Asami Nishimori, Naoya Maekawa, Shinya Goto, Ryoyo Ikebuchi, Junko Kohara, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Shinji Yamada, Yukinari Kato, Shiro Murata and Kazuhiko Ohashi

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:50

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Pigs are popular animal models in biomedical research. RNA-Seq is becoming the predominant tool to investigate transcriptional changes of the pig’s response to infection. The high sensitivity of this tool requ...

    Authors: Naíla C. do Nascimento, Ana M. S. Guimaraes, Andrea P. dos Santos, Yuefeng Chu, Lucas M. Marques and Joanne B. Messick

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:49

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus (S.) suis is an important porcine pathogen causing meningitis, arthritis and septicemia. As cps7 emerged recently in Germany in association with severe herd problems, the objective of this study was...

    Authors: Karoline Rieckmann, Anna Seydel, Kristin Szewczyk, Kerstin Klimke, Viktoria Rungelrath and Christoph Georg Baums

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:48

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Lagovirus europaeus GI.2, also known as RHDV2 or RHDVb, is an emerging virus that causes rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD) in European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). In contrast to L. europaeus GI.1 (or RHDV/RH...

    Authors: Aleksija Neimanis, Ulrika Larsson Pettersson, Nina Huang, Dolores Gavier-Widén and Tanja Strive

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:46

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Intramammary infections (IMI) are prevalent in non-lactating dairy cattle and their occurrence during periods of significant mammary growth and development (i.e. pregnant heifers and dry cows) is believed to i...

    Authors: Benjamin D. Enger, Carly E. Crutchfield, Taylor T. Yohe, Kellie M. Enger, Stephen C. Nickerson, Catherine L. M. Parsons and Robert Michael Akers

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:47

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Information on the in vitro growth of pathogenic and non-pathogenic Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) strains is scarce and controversial. Despite its limitations, the colour changing units (CCU) assay ...

    Authors: Beatriz Garcia-Morante, Arkadius Dors, Rocio León-Kempis, Ana Pérez de Rozas, Joaquim Segalés and Marina Sibila

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:45

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  38. Content type: Short report

    Bagaza virus (BAGV; synonymous to Israel turkey meningoencephalomyelitis virus, ITV) is a relevant arthropod-borne epornitic flavivirus. In its first emergence in Europe (southern Spain, 2010) BAGV caused an o...

    Authors: Cristina Cano-Gómez, Francisco Llorente, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Ramón C. Soriguer, Mathieu Sarasa and Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Clavero

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:44

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Experimental infections in pregnant sheep have been focused on studying the effect of the time of challenge on the outcome of N. caninum infection, whereas the impact of the dose and route of challenge has not be...

    Authors: Roberto Sánchez-Sánchez, Ignacio Ferre, Michela Re, Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, Javier Blanco-Murcia, Luis Miguel Ferrer, Teresa Navarro, Manuel Pizarro Díaz, Marta González-Huecas, Enrique Tabanera, Julio Benavides and Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:42

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  40. Content type: Review

    Intestinal health is determined by host (immunity, mucosal barrier), nutritional, microbial and environmental factors. Deficiencies in intestinal health are associated with shifts in the composition of the int...

    Authors: Richard Ducatelle, Evy Goossens, Fien De Meyer, Venessa Eeckhaut, Gunther Antonissen, Freddy Haesebrouck and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:43

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3) is the archetypal fish alloherpesvirus and the etiologic agent of a lethal disease in common and koi carp. To date, the genome sequences of only four CyHV-3 isolates have been p...

    Authors: Yuan Gao, Nicolás M. Suárez, Gavin S. Wilkie, Chuanfu Dong, Sven Bergmann, Pei-Yu Alison Lee, Andrew J. Davison, Alain F. C. Vanderplasschen and Maxime Boutier

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:40

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  42. Content type: Short report

    In this study, we identified a chicken liver cell line (LMH) which could strongly support the replication of ALV-J (Subgroup J of avian leukosis virus) with high viral titer. Notably, ALV-J was efficiently det...

    Authors: Tuofan Li, Jing Xie, Lu Lv, Shu Sun, Xiaomei Dong, Quan Xie, Guangcheng Liang, Chichao Xia, Hongxia Shao, Aijian Qin and Jianqiang Ye

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:41

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The present study exploited the RNA-seq technology to analyze the transcriptome of target tissues affected by the Teladorsagia circumcincta infection in two groups of adult ewes showing different statuses against...

    Authors: Praveen K. Chitneedi, Aroa Suárez-Vega, María Martínez-Valladares, Juan José Arranz and Beatriz Gutiérrez-Gil

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:39

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Clostridium novyi-NT (CVN-NT) spores germinate in hypoxic regions of tumors and have successfully cured induced neoplasia in mouse models and resulted in objective tumor responses in naturally developing neoplasi...

    Authors: Amy E. DeClue, Sandra M. Axiak-Bechtel, Yan Zhang, Saurabh Saha, Linping Zhang, David Tung and Jeffrey N. Bryan

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:38

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Ichthyophthirius multifiliis is a ciliated protozoan parasite recognized as one of the most pathogenic diseases of wild and cultured freshwater fish. Fish skin mucus plays a significant role against invading path...

    Authors: Mona Saleh, Gokhlesh Kumar, Abdel-Azeem Abdel-Baki, Mohamed A. Dkhil, Mansour El-Matbouli and Saleh Al-Quraishy

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:37

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Maedi-visna, a disease caused by small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs), is present in sheep from many countries, also including Germany. An amino acid substitution (E/K) at position 35 of the transmembrane prote...

    Authors: Vahid Molaee, Marwa Eltanany and Gesine Lühken

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:36

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The minimum inhibitory concentration of bambermycin on three porcine Helicobacter suis strains was shown to be 8 μg/mL. The effect of in-feed medication with this antibiotic on the course of a gastric infection w...

    Authors: Chloë De Witte, Bernard Taminiau, Bram Flahou, Veerle Hautekiet, Georges Daube, Richard Ducatelle and Freddy Haesebrouck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:35

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Marine herpesviruses are responsible for epizootics in economically, ecologically and culturally significant taxa. The recent emergence of microvariants of Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) in Pacific oysters Crasso...

    Authors: Richard J. Whittington, Ika Paul-Pont, Olivia Evans, Paul Hick and Navneet K. Dhand

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:34

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  49. Content type: Research article

    The first European cases of chronic wasting disease (CWD) in free-ranging reindeer and wild elk were confirmed in Norway in 2016 highlighting the urgent need to understand transmissible spongiform encephalopat...

    Authors: José Luis Pitarch, Helen Caroline Raksa, María Cruz Arnal, Miguel Revilla, David Martínez, Daniel Fernández de Luco, Juan José Badiola, Wilfred Goldmann and Cristina Acín

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:33

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  50. Content type: Research

    Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease caused by Brucella spp. The virulence of these bacteria is dependent on their ability to invade and replicate within host cells. In a previous study, a putative gene ba...

    Authors: Mingxing Tian, Yanqing Bao, Peng Li, Hai Hu, Chan Ding, Shaohui Wang, Tao Li, Jingjing Qi, Xiaolan Wang and Shengqing Yu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2018 49:32

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