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  1. Dairy cows often develop different degrees of endometritis after calving and this is attributed to pathogenic bacterial infections such as by Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Infection of the bovine en...

    Authors: Jindi Wu, Fan Bai, Wei Mao, Bo Liu, Xiaolin Yang, Jing Zhang, Tingting Li, Gerelt Borjigin and Jinshan Cao
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:98
  2. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a leading cause of severe infections in humans and animals, and the emergence of multidrug-resistant strains highlights the need to develop effective vaccines for preventing such infecti...

    Authors: Fusheng Zhang, Yan Meng, Li Xu, Yujiao Tian, Huigai Lu, Jichen Xie, Renhui Ma, Moran Li and Bei Li
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:97
  3. Colistin is frequently used as a growth factor or treatment against infectious bacterial diseases in animals. The Veterinary Division of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) restricted colistin use as a second-...

    Authors: Afaf Hamame, Bernard Davoust, Bouthaina Hasnaoui, David Lupande Mwenebitu, Jean-Marc Rolain and Seydina M. Diene
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:96
  4. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, the causative agent of swine respiratory disease, demonstrates differences in virulence. However, factors associated with this variation remain unknown. We herein evaluated the associati...

    Authors: Yuzi Wu, Yanfei Yu, Lizhong Hua, Yanna Wei, Yuan Gan, Hafizah Yousuf Chenia, Yixuan Wang, Xing Xie, Jia Wang, Maojun Liu, Guoqing Shao, Qiyan Xiong and Zhixin Feng
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:95
  5. An alphaherpesvirus carries dozens of viral proteins in the envelope, tegument and capsid structure, and each protein plays an indispensable role in virus adsorption, invasion, uncoating and release. After inf...

    Authors: Tong Zhou, Mingshu Wang, Anchun Cheng, Qiao Yang, Bin Tian, Ying Wu, Renyong Jia, Shun Chen, Mafeng Liu, Xin-Xin Zhao, Xuming Ou, Sai Mao, Di Sun, Shaqiu Zhang, Dekang Zhu, Juan Huang…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:93
  6. Multi-Locus Sequence Analysis (MLSA) of Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp) strains from Asia revealed unforeseen diversity and a central position for genotyping groups representing strains from C...

    Authors: Arooba Akhtar, Anne Boissière, Huafang Hao, Muhammad Saeed, Virginie Dupuy, Antoni Exbrayat, Farhan Anwar Khan, Yuefeng Chu and Lucía Manso-Silván
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:92
  7. Streptococcus suis is a zoonotic agent that causes sepsis and meningitis in pigs and humans. S. suis infections are responsible for large economic losses in pig production. The lack of effective vaccines to preve...

    Authors: Cristina Uruén, Carla García, Lorenzo Fraile, Jan Tommassen and Jesús Arenas
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:91
  8. Foamy macrophages containing prominent cytoplasmic lipid droplets (LDs) are found in a variety of infectious diseases. However, their role in Streptococcus uberis-induced mastitis is unknown. Herein, we report th...

    Authors: Zhixin Wan, Shaodong Fu, Zhenglei Wang, Yuanyuan Xu, Yuanyuan Zhou, Xinguang Lin, Riguo Lan, Xiangan Han, Zhenhua Luo and Jinfeng Miao
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:90
  9. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute and highly contagious disease and has long been a significant threat to small ruminant productivity worldwide. However, the molecular mechanism underlying host-PPRV...

    Authors: Bo Wen, Xuefeng Qi, Daiyue Lv, Lulu Yang, Pan Tang, Wenchi Chang, Shuizhong Han, Shengmeng Yu, Shaopeng Wei, Qinghong Xue and Jingyu Wang
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:89
  10. As one of the crucial enterotoxins secreted by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) enhances bacterial adherence both in vivo and in vitro; however, the underlying mechanism remai...

    Authors: Qiangde Duan, Shengmei Pang, Lili Feng, Jiaqi Liu, Linfen Lv, Baoliang Li, Yuxuan Liang and Guoqiang Zhu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:88
  11. Muscle larvae of Trichinella spiralis parasitize the host intestinal epithelium. The mechanisms of exosomes participating in the invasion of T. spiralis muscle larvae are unclear. Hence, the purpose of this study...

    Authors: Ruibiao Wang, Yuheng Zhang, Jingbo Zhen, Jinpeng Zhang, Zixuan Pang, Xuewei Song, Lihao Lin, Feng Sun and Yixin Lu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:87
  12. Understanding of disease dynamics and viral shedding in wild boar and of the potential for disease spreading within wild boar and domestic pig populations is critical for developing effective control and eradi...

    Authors: Katsuhiko Fukai, Rie Kawaguchi, Tatsuya Nishi, Mitsutaka Ikezawa, Manabu Yamada, Kingkarn Boonsuya Seeyo and Kazuki Morioka
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:86
  13. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of a novel type C lectin from Trichinella spiralis (TsCTL) and its role in larval invasion of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). TsCTL has a carbohydr...

    Authors: Hui Nan Hao, Yan Yan Song, Kai Ning Ma, Bo Ning Wang, Shao Rong Long, Ruo Dan Liu, Xi Zhang, Zhong Quan Wang and Jing Cui
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:85
  14. Staphylococci and streptococci are common causes of intramammary infection in small ruminants, and reliable species identification is crucial for understanding epidemiology and impact on animal health and welf...

    Authors: Nives Maria Rosa, Martina Penati, Sara Fusar-Poli, Maria Filippa Addis and Sebastiana Tola
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:84
  15. Staphylococcus saprophyticus is frequently involved in various difficult-to-treat infections due to the formation of biofilms. To identify useful antibiofilm strategies, this study explored the efficacy and mecha...

    Authors: Jinli Wang, Siya Li, Jinwu Meng, Jinyue Zhu, Tianxin Qiu, Wenjia Wang, Jinxue Ding, Zhenguang Liu, Kun Li, Mujahid lqbal, Deyun Wang, Yi Wu and Jiaguo Liu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:83
  16. Innate immunity plays an essential role in preventing the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms. However, innate immunity is a double-edged sword, whose excessive activation is detrimental to immune homeostasi...

    Authors: Jie Wang, Yuqiang Cheng, Longlong Wang, Aixi Sun, Zhenyu Lin, Wenxian Zhu, Zhaofei Wang, Jingjiao Ma, Henan Wang, Yaxian Yan and Jianhe Sun
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:82
  17. Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida) can cause severe respiratory disease in cattle, resulting in high mortality and morbidity. Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes in the cytoplasm that recognize pathogens a...

    Authors: Xingping Wu, Zheng Zeng, Hongliang Tian, Lianci Peng, Dongyi Xu, Yu Wang, Chao Ye, Yuanyi Peng and Rendong Fang
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:81
  18. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a known bacterium that produces biofilms and causes severe infection. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa biofilms are extremely difficult to eradicate, leading to the developmen...

    Authors: Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:80
  19. Production of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) vaccines in Russia is based on two attenuated virus strains (“45G37/35-k” and “ARRIAH”) of common origin. Here, the identity of the strain PPRV/45G37/35-k was inv...

    Authors: Olivier Kwiatek, Geneviève Libeau, Samia Guendouz, Chloé Corbanini, Andrey Gogin, Andrey Lunitsin, Irina Sindryakova, Denis Koblasov and Arnaud Bataille
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:79
  20. Besides Helicobacter pylori, a Gram-negative bacterium that may cause gastric disorders in humans, non-Helicobacter pylori helicobacters (NHPH) may also colonize the stomach of humans and animals. In pigs, H. sui...

    Authors: Francisco Cortez Nunes, Teresa Letra Mateus, Emily Taillieu, Sílvia Teixeira, Nuno Carolino, Alexandra Rema, Sofie De Bruyckere, Fátima Gärtner, Freddy Haesebrouck and Irina Amorim
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:78
  21. Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) dramatically affects young calves, especially in fattening facilities, and is difficult to understand, anticipate and control due to the multiplicity of factors involved in the...

    Authors: Sébastien Picault, Pauline Ezanno, Kristen Smith, David Amrine, Brad White and Sébastien Assié
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:77
  22. In the present study, two prospective Salmonella delivery strains, JOL2782 and JOL2837, were developed by gene deletions of lon and cpxR, which are related to cellular adhesion and intracellular survival. Additio...

    Authors: Ram Prasad Aganja, Chandran Sivasankar, Chamith Hewawaduge and John Hwa Lee
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:76
  23. Fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4) and FAdV-8b are causative agents of hepatitis-hydropericardium syndrome (HHS) and inclusion body hepatitis (IBH), respectively. HHS and IBH co-infections were often reported...

    Authors: Baiyu Wang, Mingzhen Song, Congcong Song, Shiyi Zhao, Panpan Yang, Qilong Qiao, Yanfang Cong, Yanling Wang, Zeng Wang and Jun Zhao
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:75
  24. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in late gestation causes a profound suppression of circulating maternal and fetal thyroid hormone during a critical window of development. To underst...

    Authors: Erin K. Ison, Amber S. Hopf-Jannasch, John C. S. Harding and J. Alex Pasternak
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:74
  25. Pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant infections have caused a substantial economic impact on swine production in the absence of new powerful candidate vaccines. In this study, we developed and evaluated a gene-del...

    Authors: Ling Li, Yongfeng Du, Yanbin Zhang, Pengyu Li, Xinyue Liu, Xin Zhang, Jing Li, Tong Zhang, Xin Li, Dong Xiao, Peng Liu, Peng Qi and Jin Xiao
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:73
  26. Epithelial cells are known to produce mediators which can influence the behaviour of neighbouring immune cells. Although the oral mucosa has gained increased interest as a route to induce allergy desensitisati...

    Authors: Michael Pelst, Clara Höbart, Hilde de Rooster, Bert Devriendt and Eric Cox
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:72
  27. Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of Johne’s disease, a chronic debilitating disease in ruminants. To control this disease, it is crucial to understand immune evasion and th...

    Authors: Hong-Tae Park, Sang-Mok Lee, Seyoung Ko, Suji Kim, Hyun-Eui Park, Min-Kyoung Shin, Donghyuk Kim and Han Sang Yoo
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:71
  28. Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is one of the most important diseases impacting the global cattle industry, resulting in significant economic loss. Commonly referred to as shipping fever, BRD is especially co...

    Authors: Maria Gaudino, Brandy Nagamine, Mariette F. Ducatez and Gilles Meyer
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:70
  29. Chicken cathelicidin-2 (CATH-2) as a host defense peptide has been identified to have potent antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities. Here, we reported the mechanism by which CATH-2 modulates NLRP3 infla...

    Authors: Lianci Peng, Hongliang Tian, Yi Lu, Kaixiang Jia, Jinrong Ran, Qi Tao, Gang Li, Chao Wan, Chao Ye, Edwin J. A. Veldhuizen, Hongwei Chen and Rendong Fang
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:69
  30. Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative organism of Johne’s disease, a chronic granulomatous enteritis of ruminants. We have previously used naturally MAP-infected heifer calves to ...

    Authors: Emma N. Taylor, Manfred Beckmann, Glyn Hewinson, David Rooke, Luis A. J. Mur and Ad P. Koets
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:68
  31. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) poses a serious threat to public health. Here, we established an ex vivo alpaca tracheal explant (ATE) model using an air-liquid interface culture system...

    Authors: Nigeer Te, Jordi Rodon, Rhea Creve, Mónica Pérez, Joaquim Segalés, Júlia Vergara-Alert and Albert Bensaid
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:67
  32. Mycoplasma (M.) gallisepticum is the most pathogenic mycoplasma species in poultry. Infections cause mild to severe clinical symptoms associated with respiratory epithelial lesion development. Adherence, biofilm ...

    Authors: Nancy Rüger, Michael P. Szostak and Silke Rautenschlein
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:66
  33. Current strategies for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) control are inadequate and mainly restricted to immunization using different PRRS virus (PPRSV) vaccines. Although there are no safet...

    Authors: Rui Chen, Bing Liu, Xiangmei Zhang, Mengmeng Qin, Jianhui Dong, Guoqian Gu, Chunyan Wu, Jingyu Wang and Yuchen Nan
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:65
  34. Duck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) is one of the main pathogens responsible for death in ducklings. Autophagy is a catabolic process that maintains cellular homeostasis, and the PI3KC3 protein plays an imp...

    Authors: Juan Li, Mingshu Wang, Shan Zhou, Anchun Cheng, Xuming Ou, Di Sun, Ying Wu, Qiao Yang, Qun Gao, Juan Huang, Bin Tian, Sai Mao, Shaqiu Zhang, Xinxin Zhao, Renyong Jia, Mafeng Liu…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:64
  35. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most important livestock diseases restricting international trade. While African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) act as the main wildlife reservoir, viral and immune response ...

    Authors: Eva Perez-Martin, Brianna Beechler, Fuquan Zhang, Katherine Scott, Lin-Mari de Klerk-Lorist, Georgina Limon, Brian Dugovich, Simon Gubbins, Arista Botha, Robyn Hetem, Louis van Schalkwyk, Nicholas Juleff, Francois F. Maree, Anna Jolles and Bryan Charleston
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:63
  36. Autophagy is an important conserved homeostatic process related to nutrient and energy deficiency and organelle damage in diverse eukaryotic cells and has been reported to play an important role in cellular re...

    Authors: Yukang Wen, Zhengkun Chen, Yaqin Tian, Mei Yang, Qingshuang Dong, Yujiao Yang and Honglei Ding
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:62
  37. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a prevalent and endemic swine pathogen which causes significant economic losses in the global swine industry. Multiple vaccines have been develope...

    Authors: Mingxin Zhang, Chunni Lu, Lizhan Su, Feixiang Long, Xia Yang, Xiaofeng Guo, Gaopeng Song, Tongqing An, Weisan Chen and Jianxin Chen
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:61
  38. Small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV) belong to the Retroviridae family and can cause various diseases. One of the most impacting diseases is visna-maedi, a complex disease characterized by long latencies and chr...

    Authors: Riccardo Moretti, Stefano Sartore, Barbara Colitti, Margherita Profiti, Stefania Chessa, Sergio Rosati and Paola Sacchi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:60
  39. Arginine (Arg), lysine (Lys), and methionine (Met) can be used to support the health status of turkeys. The present study investigated selected performance, gut integrity, and immunological parameters in turke...

    Authors: Paweł Konieczka, Bartłomiej Tykałowski, Katarzyna Ognik, Misza Kinsner, Dominika Szkopek, Maciej Wójcik, Dariusz Mikulski and Jan Jankowski
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:59
  40. Newcastle disease (ND) is an acute, febrile, and highly contagious disease caused by the Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an important pathogen harmful to domestic poultry. Virulent NDV strain infection induces ...

    Authors: Pei Gao, Shiyuan Zhang, Xinxin Zhang, Chenggang Xu, Libin Chen, Lei Fan, Jinlian Ren, Qiuyan Lin, Bin Xiang and Tao Ren
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:58
  41. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute disease of small ruminants caused by a morbillivirus. Clinical observation of the disease in the field revealed that several species of small ruminants are affected...

    Authors: Roger-Junior Eloiflin, Llorenç Grau-Roma, Sylvie Python, Kemal Mehinagic, Aurélie Godel, Geneviève Libeau, Artur Summerfield, Arnaud Bataille and Obdulio García-Nicolás
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:57
  42. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) remains a very serious barrier to agricultural development and the international trade of animals and animal products. Recently, serotype O has been the most prevalent FMDV serotyp...

    Authors: Pinghua Li, Shulun Huang, Jingjing Zha, Pun Sun, Dong Li, Huifang Bao, Yimei Cao, Xingwen Bai, Yuanfang Fu, Xueqing Ma, Kun Li, Hong Yuan, Jing Zhang, Zhixun Zhao, Jian Wang, Keqiang Zhang…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:56
  43. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a highly infectious disease caused by PRRS virus (PRRSV) that causes great economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. PRRSV has been recognized to ...

    Authors: Hong Duan, Haoxin Dong, Shuya Wu, Jiahui Ren, Mingfang Zhang, Chuangwei Chen, Yongkun Du, Gaiping Zhang and Angke Zhang
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:55
  44. The Shadoo and PrP prion protein family members are thought to be functionally related, but previous knockdown/knockout experiments in early mouse embryogenesis have provided seemingly contradictory results. I...

    Authors: Andrea Rau, Bruno Passet, Johan Castille, Nathalie Daniel-Carlier, Alexandre Asset, Jérome Lecardonnel, Marco Moroldo, Florence Jaffrézic, Denis Laloë, Katayoun Moazami-Goudarzi and Jean-Luc Vilotte
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:54
  45. Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is a pathogenic flavivirus that has caused enormous economic losses in Southeast Asia. Our previous study showed that DTMUV could induce duck embryo fibroblast (DEF) apoptosis, but t...

    Authors: Yuhong Pan, Wenjun Cai, Anchun Cheng, Mingshu Wang, Shun Chen, Juan Huang, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Di Sun, Sai Mao, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Xinxin Zhao, Shaqiu Zhang, Qun Gao, Xumin Ou…
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:53
  46. In broiler breeders, background mortality is rarely addressed, however, it represents the death of a vast number of birds, a constant productivity loss, welfare concerns and it might affect chick quality. The ...

    Authors: Sofie Kromann, Sharmin Baig, Marc Stegger, Rikke Heidemann Olsen, Anders Miki Bojesen, Henrik Elvang Jensen and Ida Thøfner
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:52
  47. Bacterial biofilms are structured clusters of bacterial cells enclosed in a self-produced polymer matrix that are attached to a biotic or abiotic surface. This structure protects bacteria from hostile environm...

    Authors: Mario Jacques and François Malouin
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:51
  48. Humans can become infected with hepatitis E virus (HEV) by consumption of undercooked pork. To reduce the burden of HEV in humans, mitigation on pig farms is needed. HEV is found on most pig farms globally, ye...

    Authors: Marina Meester, Martijn Bouwknegt, Renate Hakze-van der Honing, Hans Vernooij, Manon Houben, Sophie van Oort, Wim H. M. van der Poel, Arjan Stegeman and Tijs Tobias
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2022 53:50

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