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  1. Glaesserella parasuis (G. parasuis) causes porcine vascular inflammation and damage. Baicalin is reported to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions. However, whether baicalin protects piglets against G....

    Authors: Shulin Fu, Ronghua Yin, Sanling Zuo, Jun Liu, Yunfei Zhang, Ling Guo, Yinsheng Qiu, Chun Ye, Yu Liu, Zhongyuan Wu, Yongqing Hou and Chien-An Andy Hu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Brucella ovis is a non-zoonotic rough Brucella that causes genital lesions, abortions and increased perinatal mortality in sheep and is responsible for important economic losses worldwide. Research on virulence f...

    Authors: Nieves Vizcaíno, Lara Pérez-Etayo, Raquel Conde-Álvarez, Maite Iriarte, Ignacio Moriyón and Amaia Zúñiga-Ripa

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:101

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in intestinal extracellular matrix homeostasis. An overexpression of MMPs results in tissue destruction and local inflammation and has been associated wi...

    Authors: Lore Van Damme, Natasja Cox, Chana Callens, Freddy Haesebrouck, Michelle Dargatz, Richard Ducatelle, Filip Van Immerseel and Evy Goossens

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:100

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Probiotics as an effective and safe strategy for controlling Salmonella infection are much sought after, while autophagy is a central issue in eliminating intracellular pathogens of intestinal epithelial cells. I...

    Authors: Bingxin Chu, Yaohong Zhu, Jinhui Su, Bing Xia, Yunjing Zou, Jiawei Nie, Wei Zhang and Jiufeng Wang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:99

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Streptococcus agalactiae is one of the causative agents of subclinical mastitis, a common disease of dairy cows that causes great economic losses in the industry worldwide. It is thought that pathology is mainly ...

    Authors: Jinjin Tong, Mingwei Sun, Hua Zhang, Delian Yang, Yonghong Zhang, Benhai Xiong and Linshu Jiang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:98

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Lipooligosaccharides (LOSs) are virulence determinants of Glaesserella parasuis, a pathogen of the respiratory tract of pigs. We previously reported that disruption of the galU or galE gene in G. parasuis results...

    Authors: Saixiang Feng, Aihua Chen, Xiaobing Wang, Zhichao Pan, Siqi Xu, Huiwen Yu, Bin Zhang and Ming Liao

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:97

    Content type: Research article

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  7. We analyzed the pathogenicity of a recent Japanese classical swine fever virus (CSFV) to wild boars via an experimental infection using boar-pig hybrids as an alternative to wild boars. We also investigated th...

    Authors: Katsuhiko Fukai, Tatsuya Nishi, Manabu Yamada and Mitsutaka Ikezawa

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:96

    Content type: Short report

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  8. The prevalence of TW I-type infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) has been increasing rapidly, and it has become the second most common genotype of IBV in China threatening the poultry industry. In this study, 1-d...

    Authors: Xiaorong Zhang, Kai Liao, Shuqin Chen, Kun Yan, Xubin Du, Chengcheng Zhang, Mengjiao Guo and Yantao Wu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:95

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The efficacy of anthelmintic therapy of farm animals rapidly decreases due to drug resistance development in helminths. In resistant isolates, the increased expression and activity of drug-metabolizing enzymes...

    Authors: Pavlína Kellerová, Lucie Raisová Stuchlíková, Petra Matoušková, Karolína Štěrbová, Jiří Lamka, Martina Navrátilová, Ivan Vokřál, Barbora Szotáková and Lenka Skálová

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:94

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Fimbriae-mediated initial adherence is the initial and critical step required for enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection. Therefore, vaccine candidates have been developed that target these fimbriae an...

    Authors: Qiangde Duan, Shengmei Pang, Wenwen Wu, Boyu Jiang, Weiping Zhang, Siguo Liu, Xiaojun Wang, Zhiming Pan and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:93

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Brucella is a genus of gram-negative bacteria that cause brucellosis. B. abortus and B. melitensis infect domestic ruminants while B. suis (biovars 1–3) infect swine, and all these bacteria but B. suis biovar 2 a...

    Authors: Beatriz Aragón-Aranda, María Jesús de Miguel, Leticia Lázaro-Antón, Miriam Salvador-Bescós, Amaia Zúñiga-Ripa, Ignacio Moriyón, Maite Iriarte, Pilar M. Muñoz and Raquel Conde-Álvarez

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:92

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Seneca Valley virus (SVV) is a non-encapsulated single-stranded positive-strand RNA virus whose transmission routes have not yet been fully elucidated. Exosomes have been implicated in the intercellular transp...

    Authors: Guowei Xu, Shouxing Xu, Xijuan Shi, Chaochao Shen, Junhong Hao, Minhao Yan, Dajun Zhang, Zixiang Zhu, Keshan Zhang, Haixue Zheng and Xiangtao Liu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:91

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Avian coccidian parasites exhibit a high degree of site specificity in different Eimeria species. Although the underlying mechanism is unclear, an increasing body of evidence suggests that site specificity is due...

    Authors: Wenyu Li, Mingyue Wang, Yufeng Chen, Chen Chen, Xiaoqian Liu, Xiaoting Sun, Chuanxu Jing, Lixin Xu, Ruofeng Yan, Xiangrui Li and Xiaokai Song

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:90

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The disease caused by duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is characterized by severe egg-drop in laying ducks. Currently, the disease has spread to most duck-raising areas in China, leading to great economic losses in ...

    Authors: Ning Li, Jun Zhao, Yudong Yang, Yongqing Zeng and Sidang Liu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:87

    Content type: Review

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  15. Influenza A viruses evolve rapidly to escape host immunity. In swine, this viral evolution has resulted in the emergence of multiple H1 and H3 influenza A virus (IAV) lineages in the United States (US) pig pop...

    Authors: Chong Li, Marie R. Culhane, Maxim Cheeran, Lucina Galina Pantoja, Micah L. Jansen, Deborah Amodie, Martha A. Mellencamp and Montserrat Torremorell

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:89

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Avian Metapneumovirus (aMPV) has been recognized as a respiratory pathogen of turkey and chickens for a long time. Recently, a crescent awareness of aMPV, especially subtype B, clinical and economic impact has...

    Authors: Giovanni Franzo, Matteo Legnardi, Giulia Mescolini, Claudia Maria Tucciarone, Caterina Lupini, Giulia Quaglia, Elena Catelli and Mattia Cecchinato

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:88

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Continued reports of infections with infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) variants have occurred since its first isolation in the 1930s. Currently, QX-like IBVs are the predominant circulating genotype around the...

    Authors: Lei Shao, Jing Zhao, Lihua Li, Xiuying Huang, Huiming Yang, Jinlong Cheng, Changqing Liu and Guozhong Zhang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:86

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Streptococcus (S.) suis is a globally important swine pathogen, which comprises certain zoonotic serotypes. In this study, a detailed characterization of 88 porcine S. suis isolates was performed by analyzing cap...

    Authors: Simone Scherrer, Giuliana Rosato, Nathalie Spoerry Serrano, Marc J. A. Stevens, Fenja Rademacher, Jacques Schrenzel, Marcelo Gottschalk, Roger Stephan and Sophie Peterhans

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:85

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Newcastle disease (ND), which is caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), can cause heavy economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. It is characterised by extensive pathologies of the digestive, respi...

    Authors: Zaib Ur Rehman, Shanhui Ren, Bin Yang, Xiaofeng Yang, Salman Latif Butt, Alia Afzal, Muhammad Irfan Malik, Yingjie Sun, Shengqing Yu, Chunchun Meng and Chan Ding

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:84

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan cyst-forming parasite that is considered one of the main causes of abortion. The pathogenic mechanisms associated with parasite virulence at the maternal-foetal interface that ...

    Authors: Laura Jiménez-Pelayo, Marta García-Sánchez, Esther Collantes-Fernández, Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, Pilar Horcajo, Daniel Gutiérrez-Expósito, José Espinosa, Julio Benavides, Koldo Osoro, Christiane Pfarrer and Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:83

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In a study originally designed to find potential risk factors for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) we examined tissues from 403 Holstein Frisian cattle in total. These included 20 BSE cattle and their 23...

    Authors: Insa Dammann, Wiebke M. Wemheuer, Arne Wrede, Wilhelm E. Wemheuer, Amely Campe, Jutta Petschenka, Ulf Schulze-Sturm, Uwe Hahmann, Claus P. Czerny, Pia Münster, Bertram Brening, Lothar Kreienbrock, Christiane Herden and Walter J. Schulz-Schaeffer

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:82

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Climate change ranks among the most important issues globally, affecting geographic distributions of vectors and pathogens, and inducing losses in livestock production among many other damaging effects. We cha...

    Authors: Roberta Marques, Rodrigo F. Krüger, A. Townsend Peterson, Larissa F. de Melo, Natália Vicenzi and Daniel Jiménez-García

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:81

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Understudied, coinfections are more frequent in pig farms than single infections. In pigs, the term “Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex” (PRDC) is often used to describe coinfections involving viruses such as...

    Authors: Georges Saade, Céline Deblanc, Juliette Bougon, Corinne Marois-Créhan, Christelle Fablet, Gaël Auray, Catherine Belloc, Mily Leblanc-Maridor, Carl A. Gagnon, Jianzhong Zhu, Marcelo Gottschalk, Artur Summerfield, Gaëlle Simon, Nicolas Bertho and François Meurens

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:80

    Content type: Review

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  24. Encephalitozoonosis is a common infectious disease widely spread among rabbits. Encephalitozoon cuniculi, is considered as a zoonotic and emerging pathogen capable of infecting both immunocompetent and immunocomp...

    Authors: Edita Jeklova, Lenka Leva, Jan Matiasovic, Petra Ondrackova, Vladimir Kummer and Martin Faldyna

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:79

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A Trichinella spiralis aminopeptidase (TsAP) has been identified in intestinal infectious larvae (IIL) and adult worms (AW), but its biological function in the T. spiralis life cycle is unknown. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Kai Xia Guo, Ying Bai, Hua Nan Ren, Xiang Yuan Sun, Yan Yan Song, Ruo Dan Liu, Shao Rong Long, Xi Zhang, Peng Jiang, Zhong Quan Wang and Jing Cui

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:78

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Mastitis, inflammation of the mammary gland, is a common disease of dairy animals. The disease is caused by bacterial infection ascending through the teat canal and mammary pathogenic Escherichia coli (MPEC) are ...

    Authors: Hagit Salamon, Einat Nissim-Eliraz, Oded Ardronai, Israel Nissan and Nahum Y. Shpigel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:77

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Polyparasitism occurs when animals harbour multiple parasites concomitantly. It is a common occurrence but is generally understudied in wild and domestic animals. Fasciola hepatica and Echinococcus granulosus, wh...

    Authors: Christian Hidalgo, Caroll Stoore, Marcela Hernández and Rodolfo Paredes

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:76

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Ovine enzootic abortion (OEA) caused by the obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen Chlamydia abortus (C. abortus), is an endemic disease in most sheep-rearing countries worldwide. Following infection, C. abort...

    Authors: Sean R. Wattegedera, Morag Livingstone, Stephen Maley, Mara Rocchi, Susan Lee, Yvonne Pang, Nick M. Wheelhouse, Kevin Aitchison, Javier Palarea-Albaladejo, David Buxton, David Longbottom and Gary Entrican

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:75

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Q fever is a zoonosis caused by the intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii. In Europe, small ruminants are the main source of human Q fever. Small ruminant herds can be infectious during several lambing season...

    Authors: Hendrik I. J. Roest, Annemieke Dinkla, Ad P. Koets, Jacob Post and Lucien van Keulen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:74

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Monocytes/macrophages, which are found in a variety of organs, maintain tissue homeostasis at a steady state and act as the first line of defence during pathogen-induced inflammation in the host. Most monocyte...

    Authors: Keesun Yu, Min Jeong Gu, Young Jin Pyung, Ki-Duk Song, Tae Sub Park, Seung Hyun Han and Cheol-Heui Yun

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:73

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a major component of Escherichia coli cell wall can cause inflammation and cell death. Dihydromyricetin (ampelopsin, DHM) is a natural flavonoid compound with anti-inflammatory, anti-o...

    Authors: Yicong Chang, Liang Yuan, Jiarui Liu, Ishfaq Muhammad, Chuanbao Cao, Chenxi Shi, Yuanyuan Zhang, Rui Li, Changwen Li and Fangping Liu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:72

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a multiprotein weapon that kills eukaryotic predators or prokaryotic competitors by delivering toxic effectors. Despite the importance of T6SS in bacterial environmental ...

    Authors: Shuiyan Ma, Yuhao Dong, Nannan Wang, Jin Liu, Chengping Lu and Yongjie Liu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:71

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The cysteine proteases of parasites are vital contributors that induce parasite migration to and invasion of host tissue. In this study, we analysed the cysteine protease ATG4B of Trichinella spiralis (TsATG4B) i...

    Authors: Yalan Li, Baiyan Wang, Yaxin Zhu, Zhihua Tian, Zhuo Yang, Jiaqi Duan and Zhongquan Wang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:69

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Low-pathogenicity avian influenza H9N2 remains an endemic disease worldwide despite continuous vaccination, indicating the need for an improved vaccine strategy. Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), a gram-positive a...

    Authors: Ji Eun Lee, Yoon-Chul Kye, Sung-Moo Park, Byoung-Shik Shim, Sungsik Yoo, Eunmi Hwang, Hyungkuen Kim, Sung-Jo Kim, Seung Hyun Han, Tae Sub Park, Byung-Chul Park and Cheol-Heui Yun

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:68

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In attempt to identify genes that are induced in chickens by Salmonella Enteritidis we identified a new highly inducible gene, interleukin 4 induced 1 gene (IL4I1). IL4I1 reached its peak expression (458× inducti...

    Authors: Marta Elsheimer-Matulova, Ondrej Polansky, Zuzana Seidlerova, Karolina Varmuzova, Hana Stepanova, Radek Fedr and Ivan Rychlik

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:67

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The host-associated defence system responsible for the clearance of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) from infected pigs is currently poorly understood. To better understand the dynam...

    Authors: Salik Nazki, Amina Khatun, Chang-Gi Jeong, Sameer ul Salam Mattoo, Suna Gu, Sim-In Lee, Seung-Chai Kim, Ji-Hyo Park, Myoun-Sik Yang, Bumseok Kim, Choi-Kyu Park, Sang-Myeong Lee and Won-Il Kim

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:66

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Haemonchus contortus has evolved highly integrated and sophisticated mechanisms to promote coexistence with hosts. The excretory-secretory (ES) products generated by this parasite contribute to the regulation of ...

    Authors: Mingmin Lu, Xiaowei Tian, Zhang Yang, Wenjuan Wang, Ai-Ling Tian, Charles Li, Ruofeng Yan, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song and Xiangrui Li

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:65

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Nodavirus, or nervous necrosis virus (NNV), is the causative agent of viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER), a severe disease affecting numerous fish species worldwide. European sea bass, a cultured speci...

    Authors: Raquel Lama, Patricia Pereiro, Valentina Valenzuela-Muñoz, Cristian Gallardo-Escárate, Lluis Tort, Antonio Figueras and Beatriz Novoa

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:64

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Salmon gill poxvirus (SGPV) infection is a common denominator in many cases of complex gill disease in the Norwegian salmon farming industry and may, as a single agent infection, result in salmon poxvirus dise...

    Authors: Even Thoen, Haitham Tartor, Marit Amundsen, Ole Bendik Dale, Karoline Sveinsson, Hans Petter Rønning, Estelle Grønneberg, Maria Krudtå Dahle and Mona Cecilie Gjessing

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:63

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The porcine Helicobacter suis and canine-feline H. heilmannii are gastric Helicobacter species with zoonotic potential. However, little is known about the pathogenesis of human infections with these Helicobacter ...

    Authors: Helena Berlamont, Chloë De Witte, Eva Bauwens, Hannah Min Jou, Richard Ducatelle, Ellen De Meester, Yannick Gansemans, Dieter Deforce, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, Freddy Haesebrouck and Annemieke Smet

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:62

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hsp40/DnaJ family proteins play important roles in the infection process of various viruses. Porcine DNAJB6 (pDNAJB6) is a major member of this family, but its role in modulating the replication of porcine cir...

    Authors: Cong Han, Qian Du, Lei Zhu, Nannan Chen, Le Luo, Qiao Chen, Jiatong Yin, Xingchen Wu, Dewen Tong and Yong Huang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:61

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Tenacibaculum maritimum is responsible for tenacibaculosis, a devastating marine fish disease. This filamentous bacterium displays a very broad host range and a worldwide geographical distribution. We analyzed an...

    Authors: Sébastien Bridel, Frédéric Bourgeon, Arnaud Marie, Denis Saulnier, Sophie Pasek, Pierre Nicolas, Jean-François Bernardet and Eric Duchaud

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:60

    Content type: Research article

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  43. We report the generation, characterization and epitope mapping of a panel of 26 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the VP1 capsid protein of feline calicivirus (FCV). Two close but distinct linear epitopes w...

    Authors: Carolina Cubillos-Zapata, Iván Angulo, Horacio Almanza, Belén Borrego, María Zamora-Ceballos, José R. Castón, Ignacio Mena, Esther Blanco and Juan Bárcena

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:59

    Content type: Short report

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  44. Bovine ephemeral fever is a vector-borne disease of ruminants that occurs in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Australia. The disease is caused by a rhabdovirus, bovine ephemeral fever viru...

    Authors: Kim R. Blasdell, Steven S. Davis, Rhonda Voysey, Dieter M. Bulach, Deborah Middleton, Sinead Williams, Margaret B. Harmsen, Richard P. Weir, Sandra Crameri, Susan J. Walsh, Grantley R. Peck, Robert B. Tesh, David B. Boyle, Lorna F. Melville and Peter J. Walker

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:58

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Conserved epitopes are targets commonly researched to be part of universal vaccine candidates against influenza viruses (IV). These conserved epitopes need to be cross-protecting against distinct IV subtypes a...

    Authors: Marta Sisteré-Oró, Gabriel K. Pedersen, Lorena Córdoba, Sergi López-Serrano, Dennis Christensen and Ayub Darji

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:57

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Butyrate has been used extensively as a feed additive to improve gut health and to decrease Salmonella colonization in poultry. Salmonella mainly colonizes the ceca so butyrate concentrations should be increased ...

    Authors: Lonneke Onrust, Steve Baeyen, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:56

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Early weaning-induced stress causes diarrhoea, thereby reducing the growth performance of piglets. Gut bacterial dysbiosis has emerged as a leading cause of post-weaning diarrhoea. The present study aimed to i...

    Authors: Wenjie Tang, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Jun He, Zhiqing Huang, Ping Zheng, Xiangbing Mao, Yuheng Luo, Junqiu Luo, Quyuan Wang, Huifen Wang and Jie Yu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:55

    Content type: Research article

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  48. In herds with Mycoplasma bovis circulation, colostrum is often considered infectious. However, in contrast to milk, the presence of M. bovis in colostrum was not previously evidenced. In this survey, the presence...

    Authors: Linde Gille, Julien Evrard, Jozefien Callens, Karlien Supré, Fabien Grégoire, Filip Boyen, Freddy Haesebrouck, Piet Deprez and Bart Pardon

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:54

    Content type: Short report

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  49. Diseases of the respiratory system are known to negatively impact the profitability of the pig industry, worldwide. Considering the relatively short lifespan of pigs, lesions can be still evident at slaughter,...

    Authors: Abigail R. Trachtman, Luca Bergamini, Andrea Palazzi, Angelo Porrello, Andrea Capobianco Dondona, Ercole Del Negro, Andrea Paolini, Giorgio Vignola, Simone Calderara and Giuseppe Marruchella

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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