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  1. Several animal models have been established to study visceral leishmaniosis (VL), a worldwide vector-borne disease affecting humans and domestic animals that constitutes a serious public health problem. BALB/c...

    Authors: Ana Nieto, Gustavo Domínguez-Bernal, José A Orden, Ricardo De La Fuente, Nadia Madrid-Elena and Javier Carrión
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:39
  2. Epidemiological models enable to better understand the dynamics of infectious diseases and to assess ex-ante control strategies. For Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map), possible transmission routes...

    Authors: Clara Marcé, Pauline Ezanno, Henri Seegers, Dirk Udo Pfeiffer and Christine Fourichon
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:36
  3. Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of mastitis in ruminants. In ewe mastitis, symptoms range from subclinical to gangrenous mastitis. S. aureus factors or host-factors contributing to the different outcomes a...

    Authors: Caroline Le Maréchal, Julien Jardin, Gwenaël Jan, Sergine Even, Coralie Pulido, Jean-Michel Guibert, David Hernandez, Patrice François, Jacques Schrenzel, Dieter Demon, Evelyne Meyer, Nadia Berkova, Richard Thiéry, Eric Vautor and Yves Le Loir
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:35
  4. In general, members of the Alphaherpesvirinae use the epithelium of the upper respiratory and/or genital tract as a preferential site for primary replication. Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) may replicate at b...

    Authors: Lennert Steukers, Annelies P Vandekerckhove, Wim Van den Broeck, Sarah Glorieux and Hans J Nauwynck
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:33
  5. Scrapie in sheep and goats has been known for more than 250 years and belongs nowadays to the so-called prion diseases that also include e.g. bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle (BSE) and Creutzfeldt-Ja...

    Authors: Wiebke M Wemheuer, Sylvie L Benestad, Arne Wrede, Wilhelm E Wemheuer, Bertram Brenig, Bjørn Bratberg and Walter J Schulz-Schaeffer
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:32
  6. In sheep polymorphisms of the prion gene (PRNP) at the codons 136, 154 and 171 strongly influence the susceptibility to scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) infections. In goats a number of other ge...

    Authors: Martin Eiden, Elizabeth Ortega Soto, Thomas C Mettenleiter and Martin H Groschup
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:30
  7. Non-typhoidal Salmonella represents an important human and animal pathogen world-wide. Most human salmonellosis cases are foodborne, but each year infections are also acquired through direct or indirect animal co...

    Authors: Karin Hoelzer, Andrea Isabel Moreno Switt and Martin Wiedmann
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:34
  8. Chlamydiaceae are Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria. They are responsible for a broad range of diseases in animals and humans. In pigs, Chlamydia suis, Chlamydia abortus, Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamyd...

    Authors: Katelijn Schautteet and Daisy Vanrompay
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:29
  9. This study aims to characterize the mannose receptor (MR) gene in sheep and its role in ovine visna/maedi virus (VMV) infection. The deduced amino acid sequence of ovine MR was compatible with a transmembrane ...

    Authors: Helena Crespo, Ramsés Reina, Idoia Glaria, Hugo Ramírez, Ximena de Andrés, Paula Jáuregui, Lluís Luján, Luisa Martínez-Pomares, Beatriz Amorena and Damián F de Andrés
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:28
  10. In 2008 and 2009, acute mortalities occurred in France among Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas, spat. Different hypothesis including the implication of environmental factors, toxic algae and/or pathogens h...

    Authors: David Schikorski, Tristan Renault, Denis Saulnier, Nicole Faury, Pierrick Moreau and Jean-François Pépin
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:27
  11. Since the discovery that Helicobacter pylori causes a range of pathologies in the stomachs of infected humans, it has become apparent that Helicobacters are found in a diverse range of animal species where they a...

    Authors: Alison L Every, Lynne Selwood, Natalia Castano-Rodriguez, Wei Lu, Helen M Windsor, Janet LK Wee, Agnieszka Swierczak, Barry J Marshall, Nadeem O Kaakoush, Hazel M Mitchell and Philip Sutton
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:26
  12. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) causes fibrino-hemorrhagic necrotizing pleuropneumonia in pigs. Production of proinflammatory mediators in the lungs is an important feature of A. pleuropneum...

    Authors: Zeng-Weng Chen, Maw-Sheng Chien, Nai-Yun Chang, Ter-Hsin Chen, Chi-Ming Wu, Chienjin Huang, Wei-Cheng Lee and Shih-Ling Hsuan
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:25
  13. An experimental infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) and low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV) was carried out in red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) in order to study clinical...

    Authors: Kateri Bertran, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Núria Busquets, Roser Dolz, Antonio Ramis, Ayub Darji, Francesc Xavier Abad, Rosa Valle, Aida Chaves, Júlia Vergara-Alert, Marta Barral, Ursula Höfle and Natàlia Majó
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:24
  14. Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) infection remains a significant problem despite the widespread use of vaccines. The inability to generate a protective immune response to EHV-1 vaccination or infection is thought ...

    Authors: Gisela Soboll Hussey, Stephen B Hussey, Bettina Wagner, David W Horohov, Gerlinde R Van de Walle, Nikolaus Osterrieder, Lutz S Goehring, Sangeeta Rao and David P Lunn
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:23
  15. Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMVD), one of the most contagious viruses of cloven-hoofed animals, may cause a prolonged, asymptomatic but persistent infection in ruminants, named the "carrier state". However, ...

    Authors: Teresa Rodríguez-Calvo, Fayna Díaz-San Segundo, Marta Sanz-Ramos and Noemí Sevilla
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:22
  16. To establish bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) public health protection measures it is important to precisely define the cattle tissues considered as specified risk materials (SRM). To date, in pre-clinic...

    Authors: Christine Hoffmann, Martin Eiden, Martin Kaatz, Markus Keller, Ute Ziegler, Ron Rogers, Bob Hills, Anne Balkema-Buschmann, Lucien van Keulen, Jorg G Jacobs and Martin H Groschup
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:21
  17. Bacterial taxonomy has progressed from reliance on highly artificial culture-dependent techniques involving the study of phenotype (including morphological, biochemical and physiological data) to the modern ap...

    Authors: Brian Austin
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:20
  18. At birth, the immune system is still in development making neonates more susceptible to infections. The recognition of microbial ligands is a key step in the initiation of immune responses. It can be mimicked ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Ferret-Bernard, Sonia Lacroix-Lamandé, Aude Remot, Coralie Metton, Nelly Bernardet, Bernard Charley, Françoise Drouet and Fabrice Laurent
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:19
  19. Since its introduction into northern Europe in 2006, bluetongue has become a major threat to animal health. While the efficacy of commercial vaccines has been clearly demonstrated in livestock, little is known...

    Authors: Damien Vitour, Jean Guillotin, Corinne Sailleau, Cyril Viarouge, Alexandra Desprat, Frédéric Wolff, Guillaume Belbis, Benoit Durand, Labib Bakkali-Kassimi, Emmanuel Breard, Stéphan Zientara and Gina Zanella
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:18
  20. A seroepizootiological study of Toxoplasma gondii infection involving a total of 488 slaughter pigs (468 market-weight pigs and 20 sows) in the Belgrade area, also included examination of the presence of T. gondi...

    Authors: Ivana Klun, Marija Vujanić, Hélène Yera, Aleksandra Nikolić, Vladimir Ivović, Branko Bobić, Siniša Bradonjić, Jean Dupouy-Camet and Olgica Djurković-­Djaković
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:17
  21. Genes localized at Salmonella pathogenicity island-1 (SPI-1) are involved in Salmonella enterica invasion of host non-professional phagocytes. Interestingly, in macrophages, SPI-1-encoded proteins, in addition to...

    Authors: Barbora Pavlova, Jiri Volf, Petra Ondrackova, Jan Matiasovic, Hana Stepanova, Magdalena Crhanova, Daniela Karasova, Martin Faldyna and Ivan Rychlik
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:16
  22. The objective of the current study was to investigate (i) the outcome of experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis in primiparous cows during early lactation in relation with production of eicosanoids and ...

    Authors: Adel Pezeshki, Philippe Stordeur, Hugues Wallemacq, Frédéric Schynts, Mieke Stevens, Philippe Boutet, Luc J Peelman, Bart De Spiegeleer, Luc Duchateau, Fabrice Bureau and Christian Burvenich
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:15
  23. Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8), which caused an epidemic in ruminants in central Western Europe in 2006 and 2007, seems to differ from other bluetongue serotypes in that it can spread transplacentally and...

    Authors: Leen Vandaele, Wendy Wesselingh, Kris De Clercq, Ilse De Leeuw, Herman Favoreel, Ann Van Soom and Hans Nauwynck
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:14
  24. Heat shock proteins (Hsp) perform cytoprotective functions such as apoptosis regulation and inflammatory response control. These proteins can also be secreted to the extracellular medium, acting as inflammator...

    Authors: Carmen Serrano, Rosa Bolea, Jaber Lyahyai, Hicham Filali, Luis Varona, Ane Marcos-Carcavilla, Cristina Acín, Jorge H Calvo, Magdalena Serrano, Juan J Badiola, Pilar Zaragoza and Inmaculada Martín-Burriel
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:13
  25. Aquaculture has expanded rapidly to become a major economic and food-producing sector worldwide these last 30 years. In parallel, viral diseases have emerged and rapidly spread from farm to farm causing enormo...

    Authors: Stéphane Biacchesi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:12
  26. West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging zoonotic pathogen whose geographic spread and incidence in humans, horses and birds has increased significantly in recent years. WNV has long been considered a mild pathoge...

    Authors: Elena Sotelo, Ana Valeria Gutierrez-Guzmán, Javier del Amo, Francisco Llorente, Mehdi El-Harrak, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Juan Manuel Blanco, Ursula Höfle and Miguel Angel Jiménez-Clavero
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:11
  27. Avian influenza virus can be divided into two groups, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAI) and low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAI) based on their difference in virulence. To investigate if th...

    Authors: Johanna MJ Rebel, Ben Peeters, Helmi Fijten, Jacob Post, Jan Cornelissen and Lonneke Vervelde
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:10
  28. The present study examined the immunological response of antigen presenting cells (APC) to genotype-I isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection by analysing the cytokine...

    Authors: Mariona Gimeno, Laila Darwich, Ivan Diaz, Eugenia de la Torre, Joan Pujols, Marga Martín, Shigeki Inumaru, Esmeralda Cano, Mariano Domingo, Maria Montoya and Enric Mateu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:9
  29. Relative quantification using RT-qPCR is a widely used method for transcription profiling. Transcript levels of target genes in fish after experimental infection is often reported without documentation of stab...

    Authors: Marie Løvoll, Lars Austbø, Jorunn B Jørgensen, Espen Rimstad and Petter Frost
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:8
  30. Blood samples were obtained from 38 wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) at two sites in Ireland and subjected to PCR analysis of the 18S rRNA gene followed by sequencing. Two fragments of the 18S rRNA gene were genera...

    Authors: Annetta Zintl, Eugene J Finnerty, Thomas M Murphy, Theo de Waal and Jeremy S Gray
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:7
  31. This study shows that high pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus infection of chicken induced high levels of bioactive interferon type I in the lung (4.3 × 105 U/mg tissue), plasma (1.1 × 105 U/mL), and spleen (9.1 × 1...

    Authors: Hervé R Moulin, Matthias Liniger, Sylvie Python, Laurence Guzylack-Piriou, Manuela Ocaña-Macchi, Nicolas Ruggli and Artur Summerfield
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:6
  32. Susceptibility to scrapie, a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in sheep, is modulated by the genetic make-up of the sheep. Scrapie control policies, based on selecting animals of resistant genotype for b...

    Authors: Gonnie Nodelijk, Herman JW van Roermund, Lucien JM van Keulen, Bas Engel, Piet Vellema and Thomas J Hagenaars
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:5
  33. Even though bluetongue virus (BTV) transmission is apparently interrupted during winter, bluetongue outbreaks often reappear in the next season (overwintering). Several mechanisms for BTV overwintering have be...

    Authors: Sebastian Napp, Simon Gubbins, Paolo Calistri, Alberto Allepuz, Anna Alba, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, Armando Giovannini and Jordi Casal
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:4
  34. Transmission from pet rats and cats to humans as well as severe infection in felids and other animal species have recently drawn increasing attention to cowpox virus (CPXV). We report the cloning of the entire...

    Authors: Swaantje J Roth, Dirk Höper, Martin Beer, Silke Feineis, B Karsten Tischer and Nikolaus Osterrieder
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:3
  35. Clostridium chauvoei is the causative agent of blackleg, a wide spread serious infection of cattle and sheep with high mortality. In this study we have analyzed the sialidase activity of the NanA protein of C. ch...

    Authors: Edy M Vilei, Anders Johansson, Yvonne Schlatter, Keith Redhead and Joachim Frey
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:2

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