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  1. Content type: Research

    A series of challenge experiments were performed in order to investigate the acute phase responses to foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection in cattle and possible implications for the development of pe...

    Authors: Carolina Stenfeldt, Peter MH Heegaard, Anders Stockmarr, Kirsten Tjørnehøj and Graham J Belsham

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:66

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  2. Content type: Research

    Changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and anatomical and histopathological central nervous system (CNS) lesions were evaluated, and the presence of Trypanosoma vivax in CNS tissues was investigated through PCR. Tw...

    Authors: Jael S Batista, Carla MF Rodrigues, Herakles A García, Francisco SB Bezerra, Robério G Olinda, Marta MG Teixeira and Benito Soto-Blanco

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:63

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  3. Content type: Research

    Babesia divergens is a tick-transmitted apicomplexan parasite for which asexual multiplication in its vertebrate hosts is restricted to erythrocytes. Current knowledge of invasion of these target cells is limited...

    Authors: Yi Sun, Emmanuelle Moreau, Alain Chauvin and Laurence Malandrin

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:62

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  4. Content type: Research

    The mucus layer in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is considered to be the first line of defense to the external environment. Alteration in mucus components has been reported to occur during intestinal nematod...

    Authors: Manuela Rinaldi, Leentje Dreesen, Prisca R Hoorens, Robert W Li, Edwin Claerebout, Bruno Goddeeris, Jozef Vercruysse, Wim Van Den Broek and Peter Geldhof

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:61

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  5. Content type: Research

    Understanding the spatial dynamics of an infectious disease is critical when attempting to predict where and how fast the disease will spread. We illustrate an approach using a trend-surface analysis (TSA) mod...

    Authors: Maryline Pioz, Hélène Guis, Didier Calavas, Benoît Durand, David Abrial and Christian Ducrot

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:60

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  6. Content type: Research

    "Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis" infects felids. The pathogenesis of "Candidatus M. turicensis" chronic infection is poorly understood. The goals of the present study were to (1) induce reactivation of the infe...

    Authors: Marilisa Novacco, Felicitas S Boretti, Godelind A Wolf-Jäckel, Barbara Riond, Marina L Meli, Barbara Willi, Hans Lutz and Regina Hofmann-Lehmann

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:59

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  7. Content type: Short report

    Several alphaherpesviruses breach the basement membrane during mucosal invasion. In the present study, the role of proteases in this process was examined. The serine protease-specific inhibitor AEBSF inhibited...

    Authors: Sarah Glorieux, Herman W Favoreel, Lennert Steukers, Annelies P Vandekerckhove and Hans J Nauwynck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:58

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  8. Content type: Research

    Many viruses have been known to control key cellular signaling pathways to facilitate the virus infection. The possible involvement of signaling pathways in bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) infection is unkn...

    Authors: Liqian Zhu, Xiuyan Ding, Xiaofang Zhu, Songshu Meng, Jianye Wang, Hong Zhou, Qiangde Duan, Jie Tao, Dieter M Schifferli and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:57

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  9. Content type: Research

    For the past decade, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has been working toward eradicating rinderpest through vaccination and intense surveillance by 2012. Because of the potential se...

    Authors: Carrie Manore, Benjamin McMahon, Jeanne Fair, James M Hyman, Mac Brown and Montiago LaBute

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:55

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  10. Content type: Research

    Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) is the causal agent of the post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). PCV-2 are small single-stranded circular DNA viruses clustered into two main genogroups: PCV-2a ...

    Authors: Aude Allemandou, Béatrice Grasland, Anne-Cécile Hernandez-Nignol, André Kéranflec'h, Roland Cariolet and André Jestin

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:54

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  11. Content type: Research

    The recent bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) epidemic in Western Europe struck hard. Controlling the infection was difficult and a good and safe vaccine was not available until the spring of 2008. Little was...

    Authors: Aline A de Koeijer, Gert Jan Boender, Gonnie Nodelijk, Christoph Staubach, Estelle Meroc and Armin RW Elbers

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:53

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  12. Content type: Short report

    Picobirnaviruses (PBV) are small, non-enveloped viruses with a bisegmented double-stranded RNA genome. In this study a PBV strain, PBV/Horse/India/BG-Eq-3/2010, was identified in the faeces of a 10 month old w...

    Authors: Balasubramanian Ganesh, Krisztian Banyai, Gisela Masachessi, Zornitsa Mladenova, Shigeo Nagashima, Souvik Ghosh, Seegekote Mariyappa Nataraju, Madhusudhan Pativada, Rahul Kumar and Nobumichi Kobayashi

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:52

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  13. Content type: Research

    Helicobacter (H.) suis has been associated with chronic gastritis and ulcers of the pars oesophagea in pigs, and with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma in huma...

    Authors: Miet Vermoote, Tom Theo Marie Vandekerckhove, Bram Flahou, Frank Pasmans, Annemieke Smet, Dominic De Groote, Wim Van Criekinge, Richard Ducatelle and Freddy Haesebrouck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:51

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  14. Content type: Research

    The acute phase protein (APP) response is an early systemic sign of disease, detected as substantial changes in APP serum concentrations and most disease states involving inflammatory reactions give rise to AP...

    Authors: Peter MH Heegaard, Anders Stockmarr, Matilde Piñeiro, Rakel Carpintero, Fermin Lampreave, Fiona M Campbell, P David Eckersall, Mathilda JM Toussaint, Erik Gruys and Nanna Skall Sorensen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:50

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  15. Content type: Research

    Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are in several countries the most common bacteria isolated in subclinical mastitis. To investigate the innate immune response of cows to infections with two common mastit...

    Authors: Heli Simojoki, Tiina Salomäki, Suvi Taponen, Antti Iivanainen and Satu Pyörälä

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:49

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  16. Content type: Research

    Cooperia oncophora is an economically important gastrointestinal nematode in ruminants. Acquired resistance to Cooperia oncophora infection in cattle develops rapidly as a result of prior infections. Naïve cattle...

    Authors: Robert W Li, Congjun Li and Louis C Gasbarre

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:48

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  17. Content type: Review

    Over the last 10 years or so, infections caused by bacteria belonging to a particular branch of the genus Francisella have become increasingly recognised in farmed fish and molluscs worldwide. While the increasin...

    Authors: Duncan J Colquhoun and Samuel Duodu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:47

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  18. Content type: Research

    Suffolk sheep carrying the DRB1*1101 (previously referred to as-DRB1*0203 or G2) allele have been reported to show increased resistance to natural Teladorsagia circumcincta infection compared to non-carriers. The...

    Authors: Musa Hassan, Barbara Good, James P Hanrahan, Deirdre Campion, Gearoid Sayers, Grace Mulcahy and Torres Sweeney

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:46

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  19. Content type: Research

    Substantial debate exists on whether the immune response between sheep resistant and susceptible to gastrointestinal nematodes can be differentiated into a Th1 and Th2 phenotype. The present study addresses th...

    Authors: Musa Hassan, James P Hanrahan, Barbara Good, Grace Mulcahy and Torres Sweeney

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:45

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  20. Content type: Research

    Antimicrobial resistance is of primary importance regarding public and animal health issues. Persistence and spread of resistant strains within a population contribute to the maintenance of a reservoir and lea...

    Authors: Mathieu Andraud, Nicolas Rose, Michel Laurentie, Pascal Sanders, Aurélie Le Roux, Roland Cariolet, Claire Chauvin and Eric Jouy

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:44

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  21. Content type: Research

    Parvoviruses of carnivores include three closely related autonomous parvoviruses: canine parvovirus (CPV), feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and mink enteritis virus (MEV). These viruses cause a variety of seri...

    Authors: Mara Battilani, Andrea Balboni, Martina Ustulin, Massimo Giunti, Alessandra Scagliarini and Santino Prosperi

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:43

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  22. Content type: Research

    In dogs Helicobacter spp. are found in all gastric regions usually localized in the surface mucus, gastric glands and parietal cells. The aim of this study was to detail the distribution of Helicobacter spp. in t...

    Authors: Anna Lanzoni, Ivo Faustinelli, Patrizia Cristofori, Mario Luini, Kenneth W Simpson, Eugenio Scanziani and Camilla Recordati

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:42

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  23. Content type: Research

    In this study, we examined the in vitro invasion and proliferation capacities of the Nc-Liv and ten Spanish Neospora caninum isolates (Nc-Spain 1 H - Nc-Spain 10). The invasion rate was determined as the number o...

    Authors: Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, Mercedes Gómez-Bautista, Itsaso Sodupe, Gorka Aduriz, Gema Álvarez-García, Itziar Del Pozo and Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:41

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  24. Content type: Research

    Human cases of bacterial gastro-enteritis are often caused by the consumption of eggs contaminated with Salmonella species, mainly Salmonella enterica serovar Enteriditis (Salmonella Enteritidis). To reduce human...

    Authors: Ekelijn Thomas, Annemarie Bouma and Don Klinkenberg

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:40

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  25. Content type: Review

    Several animal models have been established to study visceral leishmaniosis (VL), a worldwide vector-borne disease affecting humans and domestic animals that constitutes a serious public health problem. BALB/c...

    Authors: Ana Nieto, Gustavo Domínguez-Bernal, José A Orden, Ricardo De La Fuente, Nadia Madrid-Elena and Javier Carrión

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:39

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  26. Content type: Research

    Avian paramyxoviruses (APMVs) are frequently isolated from domestic and wild birds throughout the world and are separated into nine serotypes (APMV-1 to -9). Only in the case of APMV-1, the infection of non-av...

    Authors: Arthur S Samuel, Madhuri Subbiah, Heather Shive, Peter L Collins and Siba K Samal

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:38

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  27. Content type: Research

    Natural killer (NK) cells are well recognized as playing a key role in innate immune defence through cytokine production and cytotoxic activity; additionally recent studies have identified several novel NK cel...

    Authors: Timothy Connelley, Anne K Storset, Alan Pemberton, Niall MacHugh, Jeremy Brown, Hege Lund and Ivan W Morrison

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:37

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  28. Content type: Research

    Epidemiological models enable to better understand the dynamics of infectious diseases and to assess ex-ante control strategies. For Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map), possible transmission routes...

    Authors: Clara Marcé, Pauline Ezanno, Henri Seegers, Dirk Udo Pfeiffer and Christine Fourichon

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:36

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  29. Content type: Research

    Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of mastitis in ruminants. In ewe mastitis, symptoms range from subclinical to gangrenous mastitis. S. aureus factors or host-factors contributing to the different outcomes a...

    Authors: Caroline Le Maréchal, Julien Jardin, Gwenaël Jan, Sergine Even, Coralie Pulido, Jean-Michel Guibert, David Hernandez, Patrice François, Jacques Schrenzel, Dieter Demon, Evelyne Meyer, Nadia Berkova, Richard Thiéry, Eric Vautor and Yves Le Loir

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:35

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  30. Content type: Research

    In general, members of the Alphaherpesvirinae use the epithelium of the upper respiratory and/or genital tract as a preferential site for primary replication. Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) may replicate at b...

    Authors: Lennert Steukers, Annelies P Vandekerckhove, Wim Van den Broeck, Sarah Glorieux and Hans J Nauwynck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:33

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  31. Content type: Research

    Scrapie in sheep and goats has been known for more than 250 years and belongs nowadays to the so-called prion diseases that also include e.g. bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle (BSE) and Creutzfeldt-Ja...

    Authors: Wiebke M Wemheuer, Sylvie L Benestad, Arne Wrede, Wilhelm E Wemheuer, Bertram Brenig, Bjørn Bratberg and Walter J Schulz-Schaeffer

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:32

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  32. Content type: Research

    In sheep polymorphisms of the prion gene (PRNP) at the codons 136, 154 and 171 strongly influence the susceptibility to scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) infections. In goats a number of other ge...

    Authors: Martin Eiden, Elizabeth Ortega Soto, Thomas C Mettenleiter and Martin H Groschup

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:30

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  33. Content type: Review

    Non-typhoidal Salmonella represents an important human and animal pathogen world-wide. Most human salmonellosis cases are foodborne, but each year infections are also acquired through direct or indirect animal co...

    Authors: Karin Hoelzer, Andrea Isabel Moreno Switt and Martin Wiedmann

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:34

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  34. Content type: Review

    Chlamydiaceae are Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria. They are responsible for a broad range of diseases in animals and humans. In pigs, Chlamydia suis, Chlamydia abortus, Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamyd...

    Authors: Katelijn Schautteet and Daisy Vanrompay

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:29

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  35. Content type: Research

    This study aims to characterize the mannose receptor (MR) gene in sheep and its role in ovine visna/maedi virus (VMV) infection. The deduced amino acid sequence of ovine MR was compatible with a transmembrane ...

    Authors: Helena Crespo, Ramsés Reina, Idoia Glaria, Hugo Ramírez, Ximena de Andrés, Paula Jáuregui, Lluís Luján, Luisa Martínez-Pomares, Beatriz Amorena and Damián F de Andrés

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:28

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  36. Content type: Research

    In 2008 and 2009, acute mortalities occurred in France among Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas, spat. Different hypothesis including the implication of environmental factors, toxic algae and/or pathogens h...

    Authors: David Schikorski, Tristan Renault, Denis Saulnier, Nicole Faury, Pierrick Moreau and Jean-François Pépin

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:27

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  37. Content type: Research

    Since the discovery that Helicobacter pylori causes a range of pathologies in the stomachs of infected humans, it has become apparent that Helicobacters are found in a diverse range of animal species where they a...

    Authors: Alison L Every, Lynne Selwood, Natalia Castano-Rodriguez, Wei Lu, Helen M Windsor, Janet LK Wee, Agnieszka Swierczak, Barry J Marshall, Nadeem O Kaakoush, Hazel M Mitchell and Philip Sutton

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:26

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  38. Content type: Research

    Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) causes fibrino-hemorrhagic necrotizing pleuropneumonia in pigs. Production of proinflammatory mediators in the lungs is an important feature of A. pleuropneum...

    Authors: Zeng-Weng Chen, Maw-Sheng Chien, Nai-Yun Chang, Ter-Hsin Chen, Chi-Ming Wu, Chienjin Huang, Wei-Cheng Lee and Shih-Ling Hsuan

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:25

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  39. Content type: Research

    An experimental infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) and low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV) was carried out in red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) in order to study clinical...

    Authors: Kateri Bertran, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Núria Busquets, Roser Dolz, Antonio Ramis, Ayub Darji, Francesc Xavier Abad, Rosa Valle, Aida Chaves, Júlia Vergara-Alert, Marta Barral, Ursula Höfle and Natàlia Majó

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:24

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  40. Content type: Research

    Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) infection remains a significant problem despite the widespread use of vaccines. The inability to generate a protective immune response to EHV-1 vaccination or infection is thought ...

    Authors: Gisela Soboll Hussey, Stephen B Hussey, Bettina Wagner, David W Horohov, Gerlinde R Van de Walle, Nikolaus Osterrieder, Lutz S Goehring, Sangeeta Rao and David P Lunn

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:23

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  41. Content type: Research

    Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMVD), one of the most contagious viruses of cloven-hoofed animals, may cause a prolonged, asymptomatic but persistent infection in ruminants, named the "carrier state". However, ...

    Authors: Teresa Rodríguez-Calvo, Fayna Díaz-San Segundo, Marta Sanz-Ramos and Noemí Sevilla

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:22

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  42. Content type: Research

    To establish bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) public health protection measures it is important to precisely define the cattle tissues considered as specified risk materials (SRM). To date, in pre-clinic...

    Authors: Christine Hoffmann, Martin Eiden, Martin Kaatz, Markus Keller, Ute Ziegler, Ron Rogers, Bob Hills, Anne Balkema-Buschmann, Lucien van Keulen, Jorg G Jacobs and Martin H Groschup

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:21

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  43. Content type: Review

    Bacterial taxonomy has progressed from reliance on highly artificial culture-dependent techniques involving the study of phenotype (including morphological, biochemical and physiological data) to the modern ap...

    Authors: Brian Austin

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:20

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  44. Content type: Research

    At birth, the immune system is still in development making neonates more susceptible to infections. The recognition of microbial ligands is a key step in the initiation of immune responses. It can be mimicked ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Ferret-Bernard, Sonia Lacroix-Lamandé, Aude Remot, Coralie Metton, Nelly Bernardet, Bernard Charley, Françoise Drouet and Fabrice Laurent

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:19

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  45. Content type: Research

    Since its introduction into northern Europe in 2006, bluetongue has become a major threat to animal health. While the efficacy of commercial vaccines has been clearly demonstrated in livestock, little is known...

    Authors: Damien Vitour, Jean Guillotin, Corinne Sailleau, Cyril Viarouge, Alexandra Desprat, Frédéric Wolff, Guillaume Belbis, Benoit Durand, Labib Bakkali-Kassimi, Emmanuel Breard, Stéphan Zientara and Gina Zanella

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:18

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  46. Content type: Research

    A seroepizootiological study of Toxoplasma gondii infection involving a total of 488 slaughter pigs (468 market-weight pigs and 20 sows) in the Belgrade area, also included examination of the presence of T. gondi...

    Authors: Ivana Klun, Marija Vujanić, Hélène Yera, Aleksandra Nikolić, Vladimir Ivović, Branko Bobić, Siniša Bradonjić, Jean Dupouy-Camet and Olgica Djurković-­Djaković

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:17

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  47. Content type: Research

    Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8), which caused an epidemic in ruminants in central Western Europe in 2006 and 2007, seems to differ from other bluetongue serotypes in that it can spread transplacentally and...

    Authors: Leen Vandaele, Wendy Wesselingh, Kris De Clercq, Ilse De Leeuw, Herman Favoreel, Ann Van Soom and Hans Nauwynck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:14

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