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Erratum to: The impact of co-infections on fish: a review

The Original Article was published on 04 October 2016

1 Erratum to: Vet Res (2016) 47:98 DOI 10.1186/s13567-016-0383-4

Following publication of this article [1], an error was brought to our attention in the below paragraph.

In Chile, high mortalities were reported in Atlantic salmon farms following co-infection by Caligus rogercresseyi and Neoparamoeba perurans, the causative agent of amoebic gill disease (AGD). C. rogercresseyi was shown to play a vital role in the transmission of N. perurans resulting in several outbreaks [52]. Similarly, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, another salmon louse similar to C. rogercresseyi was also found to play a similar role as a vector in the transmission of N. perurans and influenced the epizootiology of the disease in Atlantic salmon and increased mortalities in Atlantic salmon farms in the USA [53].

The correct version should be read as follows:

“In Chile, the first outbreak of amoebic gill disease (a condition caused by Neoparamoeba perurans) in Atlantic salmon occurred in fish heavily infected with the sea louse Caligus rogercresseyi [52]. This suggested that C. rogercresseyi might have contributed to the outbreak. Alternatively, it is also possible that both parasites took advantage of a third factor, for example the poor overall health of the fish or the unusually high salinity of the water at the time of the outbreak as both parasites are known to thrive under such high salinity conditions [52].

DNA from N. perurans was identified in samples of the sea louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis from a location in the Puget Sound with a prior history of AGD [53]. This suggested that L. salmonis harboured the amoeba, possibly on its carapace and that it might play a role in its dispersion.

Interestingly, despite sea lice’s absence from Tasmania, AGD is a recurring problem in this region which signifies that the copepod is not essential for AGD outbreak [53].”


  1. Kotob MH, Menanteau-Ledouble S, Kumar G, Abdelzaher M, El-Matbouli M (2016) The impact of co-infections on fish: a review. Vet Res 47:98. doi:10.1186/s13567-016-0383-4

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Correspondence to Mansour El-Matbouli.

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The online version of the original article can be found under doi:10.1186/s13567-016-0383-4.

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Kotob, M.H., Menanteau-Ledouble, S., Kumar, G. et al. Erratum to: The impact of co-infections on fish: a review. Vet Res 48, 26 (2017).

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