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  1. Content type: Research article

    This study was designed to evaluate the role of E. coli α-hemolysin (HlyA) in the pathogenesis of canine pyometra, and on the immune response of canine endometrial epithelial and stromal cells. In Experiment 1, t...

    Authors: Sofia Henriques, Elisabete Silva, Marta F. Silva, Sandra Carvalho, Patrícia Diniz, Luís Lopes-da-Costa and Luisa Mateus

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:114

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Severe cases after pH1N1 infection are consequence of interstitial pneumonia triggered by alveolar viral replication and an exacerbated host immune response, characterized by the up-regulation of pro-inflammat...

    Authors: Beatriz Vidaña, Jorge Martínez, Jaime Martorell, María Montoya, Lorena Córdoba, Mónica Pérez and Natàlia Majó

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:113

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Apart from prion protein genotype, the factors determining the host range and susceptiblity for specific transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agents remain unclear. It is known that bovine atypical L-BSE ca...

    Authors: Marion M. Simmons, Melanie J. Chaplin, Timm Konold, Cristina Casalone, Katy E. Beck, Leigh Thorne, Sharon Everitt, Tobias Floyd, Derek Clifford and John Spiropoulos

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:112

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Coccidiosis is endemic in the commercial broiler industry capable of inflicting devastating economic losses to poultry operations. Vaccines are relatively effective in controlling the disease; their efficacy c...

    Authors: Miranda M. Ritzi, Wael Abdelrahman, Kobus van-Heerden, Michaela Mohnl, Nathaniel W. Barrett and Rami A. Dalloul

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:111

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Infectious endometritis is a major cause of reduced pregnancy rates in horses. The objectives of this study were to establish a timeline of the innate immune response in the uterus of healthy horses and to inv...

    Authors: Christina D. Marth, Simon M. Firestone, Lisa Y. Glenton, Glenn F. Browning, Neil D. Young and Natali Krekeler

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:110

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  6. Content type: Short report

    The transmission tree of the Israeli 2015 epidemic of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) was modelled by combining the spatio-temporal distribution of the outbreaks and the genetic distance between virus...

    Authors: Timothée Vergne, Guillaume Fournié, Michal Perry Markovich, Rolf J. F. Ypma, Ram Katz, Irena Shkoda, Avishai Lublin, Shimon Perk and Dirk U. Pfeiffer

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:109

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Viral diseases are among the main challenges in farming of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). The most prevalent viral diseases in Norwegian salmon aquaculture are heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) caused...

    Authors: Morten Lund, Magnus Vikan Røsæg, Aleksei Krasnov, Gerrit Timmerhaus, Ingvild Berg Nyman, Vidar Aspehaug, Espen Rimstad and Maria Krudtaa Dahle

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:107

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasmas are amongst the most successful pathogens of both humans and animals yet the molecular basis of mycoplasma pathogenesis is poorly understood. This is partly due to the lack of classical virulence f...

    Authors: Shivanand Hegde, Martina Zimmermann, Martina Flöck, Rene Brunthaler, Joachim Spergser, Renate Rosengarten and Rohini Chopra-Dewasthaly

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:106

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation of reference genes for expression studies in chickens and turkeys is very much limited and unavailable for various infectious models. In this study, eight candidate reference genes HMBS, HPRT1, TBP,...

    Authors: Taniya Mitra, Ivana Bilic, Michael Hess and Dieter Liebhart

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:105

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the host factor in the response to PRRSV vaccination. For this purpose, piglets were immunized with a commercial PRRSV-live vaccine and classified as high responders (HR) or low responder...

    Authors: Tahar Ait-Ali, Ivan Díaz, Ferran Soldevila, Esmeralda Cano, Yanli Li, Alison D. Wilson, Bruno Giotti, Alan L. Archibald, Enric Mateu and Laila Darwich

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:104

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Influenza virus infection in pigs is a major farming problem, causing considerable economic loss and posing a zoonotic threat. In addition the pig is an excellent model for understanding immunity to influenza ...

    Authors: Johanneke D. Hemmink, Sophie B. Morgan, Mario Aramouni, Helen Everett, Francisco J. Salguero, Laetitia Canini, Emily Porter, Margo Chase-Topping, Katy Beck, Ronan Mac Loughlin, B. Veronica Carr, Ian H. Brown, Mick Bailey, Mark Woolhouse, Sharon M. Brookes, Bryan Charleston…

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:103

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Salmonid alphavirus subtype 3 (SAV3) causes pancreas disease (PD) and adversely affects salmonid aquaculture in Europe. A better understanding of disease transmission is currently needed in order to manage PD ...

    Authors: Jiraporn Jarungsriapisit, Lindsey J. Moore, Stig Mæhle, Cecilie Skår, Ann Cathrine Einen, Ingrid Uglenes Fiksdal, Hugh Craig Morton, Sigurd O. Stefansson, Geir Lasse Taranger and Sonal Patel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:102

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The stomach of pigs at slaughter age is often colonized by Helicobacter (H.) suis, which is also the most prevalent gastric non-H. pylori Helicobacter (NHPH) species in humans. It is associated with chronic gastr...

    Authors: Guangzhi Zhang, Richard Ducatelle, Belgacem Mihi, Annemieke Smet, Bram Flahou and Freddy Haesebrouck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:101

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The colonization of poultry with different Salmonella enterica serovars poses an issue throughout the world. In this study we therefore tested the efficacy of a vaccine consisting of attenuated strains of Salmone...

    Authors: Karolina Varmuzova, Marcela Faldynova, Marta Elsheimer-Matulova, Alena Sebkova, Ondrej Polansky, Hana Havlickova, Frantisek Sisak and Ivan Rychlik

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:94

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Yersinia ruckeri is the causative agent of enteric redmouth disease of fish that causes significant economic losses, particularly in salmonids. Bacterial pathogens differentially express ...

    Authors: Gokhlesh Kumar, Karin Hummel, Maike Ahrens, Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Timothy J. Welch, Martin Eisenacher, Ebrahim Razzazi-Fazeli and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:100

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) are transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE’s) affecting sheep and goats. Susceptibility of goats to scrapie is influenced by polymorphisms of the prio...

    Authors: Susanne Niedermeyer, Martin Eiden, Pavlos Toumazos, Penelope Papasavva-Stylianou, Ioannis Ioannou, Theodoros Sklaviadis, Cynthia Panagiotidis, Jan Langeveld, Alex Bossers, Thorsten Kuczius, Martin Kaatz, Martin H. Groschup and Christine Fast

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:99

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  17. Content type: Review

    Co-infections are very common in nature and occur when hosts are infected by two or more different pathogens either by simultaneous or secondary infections so that two or more infectious agents are active toge...

    Authors: Mohamed H. Kotob, Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Gokhlesh Kumar, Mahmoud Abdelzaher and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:98

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Veterinary Research 2017 48:26

  18. Content type: Short report

    The recently discovered nonprimate hepacivirus (NPHV) naturally infects horses and is the closest known homolog of hepatitis C virus to date. Within a follow-up study acute field infections were monitored in f...

    Authors: Theresa Gather, Stephanie Walter, Stephanie Pfaender, Daniel Todt, Karsten Feige, Eike Steinmann and Jessika M. V. Cavalleri

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:97

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Host prion (PrPC) genotype is a major determinant for the susceptibility to prion diseases. The Q/K222-PrPC polymorphic variant provides goats and mice with high resistance against classical scrapie and bovine sp...

    Authors: Patricia Aguilar-Calvo, Juan-Carlos Espinosa, Olivier Andréoletti, Lorenzo González, Leonor Orge, Ramón Juste and Juan-María Torres

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:96

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  20. Content type: Short report

    Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal contagious prion disease in cervids that is enzootic in some areas in North America. The disease has been found in deer, elk and moose in the USA and Canada, and in Sou...

    Authors: Sylvie L. Benestad, Gordon Mitchell, Marion Simmons, Bjørnar Ytrehus and Turid Vikøren

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:88

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Mannheimia haemolytica is a Gram negative bacterium that is part of the bovine respiratory disease, which causes important economic losses in the livestock industry. In the present work, ...

    Authors: Luisa Samaniego-Barrón, Sarahí Luna-Castro, Carolina Piña-Vázquez, Francisco Suárez-Güemes and Mireya de la Garza

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:93

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  22. Content type: Research article

    We have shown previously that BHV-1 infection activates Erk1/2 signaling. Here, we show that BHV-1 provoked an early-stage transient and late-stage sustained activation of JNK, p38MAPK and c-Jun signaling in M...

    Authors: Liqian Zhu, Chen Yuan, Liyuan Huang, Xiuyan Ding, Jianye Wang, Dong Zhang and Guoqiang Zhu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:91

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Vaccines targeting enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 shedding in cattle are only partially protective. The correlates of protection of these vaccines are unknown, but it is probable that they red...

    Authors: Alexander Corbishley, Timothy K. Connelley, Eliza B. Wolfson, Keith Ballingall, Amy E. Beckett, David L. Gally and Tom N. McNeilly

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:90

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is an important farmed fish species in the Mediterranean area, very sensitive to the infection by encephalopathy and retinopathy virus (VERv), or Betanodavirus, which ...

    Authors: Noelia Nuñez-Ortiz, Francesco Pascoli, Simona Picchietti, Francesco Buonocore, Chiara Bernini, Marica Toson, Giuseppe Scapigliati and Anna Toffan

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:89

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Brucellosis, caused by a facultative intracellular pathogen Brucella, is one of the most prevalent zoonosis worldwide. Host infection relies on several uncanonical virulence factors. A recent research hotpot is t...

    Authors: Jianpeng Gao, Mingxing Tian, Yanqing Bao, Peng Li, Jiameng Liu, Chan Ding, Shaohui Wang, Tao Li and Shengqing Yu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:87

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  26. Content type: Research article

    A transmission experiment involving 5-week-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) piglets, with (MDA+) or without maternally-derived antibodies (MDA), was carried out to evaluate the impact of passive immunity on the ...

    Authors: Charlie Cador, Séverine Hervé, Mathieu Andraud, Stéphane Gorin, Frédéric Paboeuf, Nicolas Barbier, Stéphane Quéguiner, Céline Deblanc, Gaëlle Simon and Nicolas Rose

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:86

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Veterinary Research 2016 47:95

  27. Content type: Research Article

    Vaccination of neonatal calves with BCG induces a significant level of protection from infection with Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis. Since neonatal vaccination of humans with BCG...

    Authors: Carly A. Hamilton, Suman Mahan, Gary Entrican and Jayne C. Hope

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:85

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Teleost fish faced with stressful stimuli launch an endocrine stress response through activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal axis to release glucocorticoids, in particular cortisol, into the blood...

    Authors: Annelies Maria Declercq, Johan Aerts, Bart Ampe, Freddy Haesebrouck, Sarah De Saeger and Annemie Decostere

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:84

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Two different forms of clinical paratuberculosis in sheep are recognised, related to the level of bacterial colonization. Paucibacillary lesions are largely composed of lymphocytes with few bacteria, and multi...

    Authors: Louise Nicol, Hazel Wilkie, Anton Gossner, Craig Watkins, Robert Dalziel and John Hopkins

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:83

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Vaccination of laying hens has been successfully used to reduce egg contamination by Salmonella Enteritidis, decreasing human salmonellosis cases worldwide. Currently used vaccines for layers are either inactivat...

    Authors: Sofie Kilroy, Ruth Raspoet, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:82

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    European Union legislation requires member states to keep national databases of all bovine animals. This allows for disease spread models that includes the time-varying contact network and population demograph...

    Authors: Stefan Widgren, Stefan Engblom, Pavol Bauer, Jenny Frössling, Ulf Emanuelson and Ann Lindberg

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:81

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis) is the causative agent of Glässer’s disease, a severe membrane inflammation disorder. Previously we showed that Baicalin (BA) possesses anti-inflammator...

    Authors: Shulin Fu, Lei Xu, Sali Li, Yinsheng Qiu, Yu Liu, Zhongyuan Wu, Chun Ye, Yongqing Hou and Chien-An Andy Hu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:80

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma haemofelis (Mhf) is the most pathogenic feline hemotropic mycoplasma. Cats infected with Mhf that clear bacteremia are protected from Mhf reinfection, but the mechanisms of pro...

    Authors: Sarah Sugiarto, Andrea M. Spiri, Barbara Riond, Marilisa Novacco, Angelina Oestmann, Luisa H. Monteiro de Miranda, Marina L. Meli, Felicitas S. Boretti, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann and Barbara Willi

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:79

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  34. Content type: Short report

    Salmon pancreas disease virus, often referred to as salmonid alphavirus (SAV), causes pancreas disease (PD) in European salmonids. SAV transmits horizontally from fish shedding virus into the water and ocean c...

    Authors: Pål Skjold, Ingunn Sommerset, Petter Frost and Stephane Villoing

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:78

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Paratuberculosis (PTB), a chronic granulomatous enteritis produced by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP), is considered as one of the diseases with the highest economic impact in the ruminant i...

    Authors: Rakel Arrazuria, Elena Molina, Joseba M. Garrido, Valentín Pérez, Ramón A. Juste and Natalia Elguezabal

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:77

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Several routes of porcine reproductive and respiratory virus PRRSV transmission across the porcine diffuse epitheliochorial placentation have been proposed, but none have been proven. The objectives of this st...

    Authors: Predrag Novakovic, John C. S. Harding, Andrea Ladinig, Ahmad N. Al-Dissi, Daniel J. MacPhee and Susan E. Detmer

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:76

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Viruses that infect birds pose major threats—to the global supply of chicken, the major, universally-acceptable meat, and as zoonotic agents (e.g. avian influenza viruses H5N1 and H7N9). Controlling these viru...

    Authors: Efstathios S. Giotis, Rebecca C. Robey, Natalie G. Skinner, Christopher D. Tomlinson, Stephen Goodbourn and Michael A. Skinner

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:75

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The effect of a superinfection with bluetongue virus serotype 1 (BTV1) was evaluated on two groups of four calves. One group received a commercial inactivated BTV serotype 8 (BTV8) vaccine. This group and the ...

    Authors: Ludovic Martinelle, Fabiana Dal Pozzo, Pierre Sarradin, Willem Van Campe, Ilse De Leeuw, Kris De Clercq, Christine Thys, Etienne Thiry and Claude Saegerman

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:73

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Avian Tembusu virus (ATMUV) is a newly emerged flavivirus that belongs to the Ntaya virus group. ATMUV is a highly pathogenic virus causing significant economic loss to the Chinese poultry industry. However, l...

    Authors: Shilong Chen, Guifeng Luo, Zhou Yang, Shuncheng Lin, Shaoying Chen, Song Wang, Mohsan Ullah Goraya, Xiaojuan Chi, Xiancheng Zeng and Ji-Long Chen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:74

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Since 2008, massive mortality events of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) have been reported worldwide and these disease events are often associated with Ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1). Epidemiological fie...

    Authors: Timothy J. Green, Agnes Vergnes, Caroline Montagnani and Julien de Lorgeril

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:72

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Efficient strategies for treating enteritis caused by F4+ enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)/verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC)/enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) in mucin 4 resistant (MUC4 RR; supposed ...

    Authors: Gui-Yan Yang, Yao-Hong Zhu, Wei Zhang, Dong Zhou, Cong-Cong Zhai and Jiu-Feng Wang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:71

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In the present study, the replication kinetics of nephropathogenic (B1648) and respiratory (Massachusetts-M41) IBV strains were compared in vitro in respiratory mucosa explants and blood monocytes (KUL01+ cells),...

    Authors: Vishwanatha R. A. P. Reddy, Ivan Trus, Lowiese M. B. Desmarets, Yewei Li, Sebastiaan Theuns and Hans J. Nauwynck

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:70

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In the present study, inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) was experimentally induced by oral inoculation of two groups of specific pathogen-free (SPF) broilers and two groups of SPF layers at day-old with either a ...

    Authors: Miguel Matos, Beatrice Grafl, Dieter Liebhart and Michael Hess

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:69

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  44. Content type: Short report

    The “self-cleaving” 2A sequence of picornavirus, which mediates ribosome-skipping events, enables the generation of two or more separate peptide products from one mRNA containing one or more “self-cleaving” 2A...

    Authors: Xinming Tang, Xianyong Liu, Geru Tao, Mei Qin, Guangwen Yin, Jingxia Suo and Xun Suo

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:68

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  45. Content type: Short report

    To better understand the influence of different NA genes on pathogenicity of H9 viruses, three reassortant H9 viruses (rH9N1, H9N2 and rH9N3) were generated and characterized. All three viruses replicated effi...

    Authors: Liping Yan, Qinfang Liu, Xin Su, Qiaoyang Teng, Danqi Bao, Guangsheng Che, Hongjun Chen, Hongrui Cui, Tao Ruan, Xuesong Li and Zejun Li

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:67

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Brachyspira hyodysenteriae is the primary cause of swine dysentery, which is responsible for major economic losses to the pig industry worldwide. The hemolytic activity of 10 B. hyodysent...

    Authors: Maxime Mahu, Nele De Pauw, Lien Vande Maele, Marc Verlinden, Filip Boyen, Richard Ducatelle, Freddy Haesebrouck, An Martel and Frank Pasmans

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:66

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  47. Content type: Research article

    In the present study, we describe the cloning and functional characterization of chicken interleukin 26 (ChIL-26). ChIL-26, a member of the IL-10 cytokine family, induces the production of proinflammatory cyto...

    Authors: Anh Duc Truong, Boyeong Park, Jihye Ban and Yeong Ho Hong

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2016 47:65

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