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Table 1 Classification, origin of the populations and geographical distribution of ungulates presents in Europe (from [5])

From: A survey of the transmission of infectious diseases/infections between wild and domestic ungulates in Europe

Family Sub-family Species Latin name Natural/introduction European location
Suidae   Wild boar Sus scrofa Natural populations
Introductions in Great Britain
All European countries
Cervidae Cervinae Chital Axis axis Introductions Croatia, Istrian peninsula
   Fallow deer Dama dama Introductions
Almost all populations are farmed animals.
All European countries
   Red der Cervus elaphus Natural populations
Introductions in Corsica
Introduction in Sardaigna
All European countries
   Sika deer Cervus n ippon Introductions in the XIXe century Northern Europe
   Reeves' muntjac Muntiacus reevesi Introductions in beginning of XXe century (native from China) Great Britain
  Hydropotinae Chinese water deer Hydropotes inermis Introductions Great Britain
  Capreolinae European roe deer Capreolus capreolus Natural populations All European countries
   Elk Alces alces Natural populations Northern Europe
   White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus Introductions (native from North America) Finland, Czech Republic, Serbia, Croatia
   Reindeer Rangifer tarandus Natural populations
Introduction in Iceland
Bovidae Bovinae European bison Bison bonasus Natural populations or reintroductions Central Europe (Poland, Byelorussia, Lithuania, Ukraine)
  Caprinae Barbary sheep Amnotragus lervia Introductions Spain
   Muskox Ovibos moschatus Introductions Norway, Greenland
   Mouflon Ovis gmelinii Natural populations and introductions All central and South of Europe
   Alpine chamois Rupicapra rupicapra Natural populations Alpine mountains
   Pyrenean chamois Rupicapra pyrenaica Natural populations Pyrenean mountains (France and Spain)
Cantabric mountains (Spain)
Abruzzi (Italia)
   Wild goat Capra aegragrus Introductions Mediterranean islands (Balearic Islands, Crete)
   Alpine ibex Capra ibex Natural populations and reintroductions Alpine mountains (France, Switzerland, Italy)
   Spanish ibex Capra pyrenaica Natural populations and reintroductions Mountains of Spain and Portugal