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Table 4 Presence or absence of adventitial layer features of ECs with and withoutFasciola hepaticacoinfection.

From: Fasciola hepatica coinfection modifies the morphological and immunological features of Echinococcus granulosus cysts in cattle

  Laminated layer disorganization Necrosis between the laminated and adventitial layer
Absence Presence Absence Presence
Co-infected 24** 11** 13 22
Non-co-infected 61** 89** 39 111
  Calcifications Host cells in the germinal layer
Absence Presence Absence Presence
Co-infected 30 5 26 9
Non-co-infected 108 42 102 48
  Giant multinucleated cells Palisading macrophages
Absence Presence Absence Presence
Co-infected 2 33 7*** 28***
Non-co-infected 13 137 4*** 146***
  Lymphoid follicles Eosinophils
Absence Presence Absence Presence
Co-infected 10*** 25*** 2 33
Non-co-infected 8*** 142*** 1 149
  1. EC: Echinococcus cyst.
  2. Statistical significance at p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001, Fisher’s exact test.