Skip to main content

Table 1 Chronology of interventions in all colonies (FB = Forager Bees; HB = House Bees; ALL = All groups)

From: Nosema spp. infection and its negative effects on honey bees (Apis mellifera iberiensis) at the colony level

INTERVENTIONS IN THE COLONIES Sep 07 Oct 07 Nov 07 Jan 08 Feb 08 Apr 08 May 08 Jun 08 Jul 08 Aug 08 Sept 08 Oct 08 Nov 08 Dec 08
Fumagillin application   1 T 2 T 4 T   4 T    2 T 4 T    4 T     
Syrup application   CS   CS    CS    CS     
FB collection and PCR analysis of composite samples ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL   ALL   ALL ALL ALL    ALL
FB collection and PCR analysis of individual bee samples   ALL ALL     ALL   ALL      
HB collection and PCR analysis of composite samples   ALL ALL     ALL   ALL      
HB collection and PCR analysis of individual bee samples   ALL ALL     ALL   ALL      
Data collection of adult bee population and brood rearing   ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL ALL   ALL ALL ALL
Data collection of honey production            ALL    
  1. The experimental groups of colonies were established as follows: group 1 T (treatment in autumn 2007), group 2 T (treatment in autumn 2007 and spring 2008), group 4 T (treatment in autumn 2007, winter, spring and summer 2008), group CS (sugar syrup in autumn 2007, winter, spring and summer 2008) and group C (unmanaged colonies).