Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Documented reports of Salmonella transmissions from mammals to humans available in the peer-reviewed literature or otherwise published by public health agencies

From: Animal contact as a source of human non-typhoidal salmonellosis

Outbreak source Year Salmonella serotype Type of contact Human cases Country Reference
Livestock
Cattle 2005a Stanley occupational (dead calf delivery); pustular dermatitis 1 UK [36]
Cattle 2004 Newport public setting 6 USA [35]
Cattle 2003 Newport public setting 3 USA [35]
Cattle 2002 Newport public setting 6 USA [35]
Cattle 2001 Newport farm visit; potentially raw milk consumption 4 USA [35]
Cattle 2000 Typhimurium farm day camp 1 USA [35, 304]
Cattle 1998 Typhimurium household or farm environment 1 USA [305]
Cattle 1990 Virchow occupational (dead calf delivery); dermatitis 2 Netherlands [306]
Cattle 1983 Newport farm environment, nocosomial, feed-borne 1 USA [307]
Cattle 1979 Dublin farm environment, nocosomial, potentially raw milk n/a USA [307]
Cattle 1976 Heidelberg farm environment, secondary perinatal &nocosomial n/a USA [307]
Cattle 1975 Dublin occupational (dead calf delivery); pustular dermatitis; 3 cases 3 UK [308]
Cattle 1973 Saintpaul occupational (dead calf delivery); folliculitis 3 Canada [309]
Cattle 1973 Typhimurium farm environment, animal feed pot. source n/a USA [307]
Cattle 1972 Typhimurium occupational, farm environment n/a USA [307]
Cattle 1969 Dublin occupational (dead calf delivery); pustular dermatitis 1 UK [308]
Cattle 1965 Typhimurium farm environment, cow and newborn calf 2 Canada [310]
Cattle 1948 Typhimurium farm environment, household, well water 7 Canada [311]
Cattle/Pigs 2001 Typhimurium farm or household (contaminated clothes) 1 Netherlands [37]
Pigs 2005 Typhimurium public setting; potentially environmental 19 USA [35]
Sheep 1998-2003b Brandenburg occupational, household, prob. secondary dogs n/a New Zealand [97]
Sheep/Cattle 1991-1993 Typhimurium occupational, household, farm environment 9 UK [73]
Sheep 1975 Typhimurium occupational, farm environment, secondary dog infected 1 UK [72]
Livestock 2000 Typhimurium petting zoo, animal source unclear 18 US [303]
Livestock 1991 Typhimurium science fair, animal source unclear 5 US [303]
Equines       
Horse 2001 Newport state fair, horse clinically sick 2 USA [35]
Horse 1995/1996 Typhimurium occupational, veterinary hospital, secondary ruminants 2 USA [145, 312]
Horse 1976 Typhimurium occupational, veterinary hospital, secondary dog 1 USA [313]
Horse 1967/1968 Typhimurium occupational, veterinary hospital, complex epidemiology 2 - 14* UK [314]
Horse 1936 Abortusequi occupational, gynecological exam, developed abscess 1 Japan [315]
Canines & Felines      
Cat 1999 Typhimurium occupational, veterinary clinic 10 USA [316]
Cat 1999 Typhimurium household, secondary daycare contact, shelter cats 7 USA [316]
Cat 1999 Typhimurium occupational, veterinary clinic, secondary environmental 3 USA [316]
Cat/Dog 2003 Typhimurium occupational, veterinary clinic, household infections 7 USA [317]
Cat/wild birds 1999 Typhimurium household, prob. complex transmissions n/a Sweden [318]
Cat/Dog 1973 Typhimurium household, dog and cat breeder, common food source 4 Canada [319]
Dog 1974 Enteritidis household 1 USA [148]
Dog 1952 Paratyphi B household 1 UK [320]
Dog 1938 Glostrup household, pot. common food source 6 Denmark [321, 322]
Dog 1937 Paratyphi B1 household 6 Norway [322, 323]
Dog 1938 Paratyphi B household, caused abortion in bitch 4 Sweden [322, 324]
Pet food & Treats      
Dry pet food 2006-2008 Schwarzengrund household 70 USA [325]
Pet treats 2004/2005 Thompson household 9 USA & Canada [326]
Pet treats 2002 Newport household 5 Canada [327]
Pet treats 1999 Infantis household, dogs potential shedders 12 Canada [328]
Rodents       
Guinea pig 2000 Oranienburg household, guinea pig soft-tissue abscess and died 1 USA [329]
Guinea pig 1967 Enteritidis breeding colony in household 3 Canada [330]
Rodents 2005/2006 Typhimurium classroom or household, snakes fed frozen rodents 7 - 21* USA [331]
Rodents 2003/2004 Typhimurium household, sick pet rodents, secondary household 15 - 28* USA [332]
Non-traditional mammalian pets/wildlife
Hedgehogs 2002 Typhimurium household, potentially eggs 6 Australia [333]
Hedgehogs 2000/2001 Typhimurium unclear, wild animals, potentially contaminated produce 37 Norway [192]
Hedgehogs 1996 Typhimurium unclear, wild animals, potentially contaminated produce, 2 outbreaks 28 - 65* Norway [192]
Hedgehogs 1995-1997 Tiliene household, pet hedgehogs, multiple outbreaks, interspecies transmission 9 Canada [334]
Hedgehogs 1994/1995c Typhimurium household, pet hedgehog 1 Canada [196]
Hedgehogs 1994 Tiliene household, pet hedgehog, indirect contact, breeding herd in household 1 USA [335]
Sugar glider 1995 Tiliene household 1 Canada [334]
Wallaby 2003 Enteritidis farm environment, traveling petting zoo 17 USA [35]
  1. 1 identical to serotype Abortuscanis
  2. a estimated time of outbreak, exact time not specified; b estimated time period for prolonged nationwide outbreak; c exact time of outbreak not specified more precisely; * exact number of cases unclear; n/a exact number of cases not specified