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  1. Ovine enzootic abortion (OEA) caused by the obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen Chlamydia abortus (C. abortus), is an endemic disease in most sheep-rearing countries worldwide. Following infection, C. abort...

    Authors: Sean R. Wattegedera, Morag Livingstone, Stephen Maley, Mara Rocchi, Susan Lee, Yvonne Pang, Nick M. Wheelhouse, Kevin Aitchison, Javier Palarea-Albaladejo, David Buxton, David Longbottom and Gary Entrican

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:75

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Q fever is a zoonosis caused by the intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii. In Europe, small ruminants are the main source of human Q fever. Small ruminant herds can be infectious during several lambing season...

    Authors: Hendrik I. J. Roest, Annemieke Dinkla, Ad P. Koets, Jacob Post and Lucien van Keulen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:74

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Monocytes/macrophages, which are found in a variety of organs, maintain tissue homeostasis at a steady state and act as the first line of defence during pathogen-induced inflammation in the host. Most monocyte...

    Authors: Keesun Yu, Min Jeong Gu, Young Jin Pyung, Ki-Duk Song, Tae Sub Park, Seung Hyun Han and Cheol-Heui Yun

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:73

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a major component of Escherichia coli cell wall can cause inflammation and cell death. Dihydromyricetin (ampelopsin, DHM) is a natural flavonoid compound with anti-inflammatory, anti-o...

    Authors: Yicong Chang, Liang Yuan, Jiarui Liu, Ishfaq Muhammad, Chuanbao Cao, Chenxi Shi, Yuanyuan Zhang, Rui Li, Changwen Li and Fangping Liu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:72

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a multiprotein weapon that kills eukaryotic predators or prokaryotic competitors by delivering toxic effectors. Despite the importance of T6SS in bacterial environmental ...

    Authors: Shuiyan Ma, Yuhao Dong, Nannan Wang, Jin Liu, Chengping Lu and Yongjie Liu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:71

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The cysteine proteases of parasites are vital contributors that induce parasite migration to and invasion of host tissue. In this study, we analysed the cysteine protease ATG4B of Trichinella spiralis (TsATG4B) i...

    Authors: Yalan Li, Baiyan Wang, Yaxin Zhu, Zhihua Tian, Zhuo Yang, Jiaqi Duan and Zhongquan Wang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:69

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Low-pathogenicity avian influenza H9N2 remains an endemic disease worldwide despite continuous vaccination, indicating the need for an improved vaccine strategy. Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), a gram-positive a...

    Authors: Ji Eun Lee, Yoon-Chul Kye, Sung-Moo Park, Byoung-Shik Shim, Sungsik Yoo, Eunmi Hwang, Hyungkuen Kim, Sung-Jo Kim, Seung Hyun Han, Tae Sub Park, Byung-Chul Park and Cheol-Heui Yun

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:68

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In attempt to identify genes that are induced in chickens by Salmonella Enteritidis we identified a new highly inducible gene, interleukin 4 induced 1 gene (IL4I1). IL4I1 reached its peak expression (458× inducti...

    Authors: Marta Elsheimer-Matulova, Ondrej Polansky, Zuzana Seidlerova, Karolina Varmuzova, Hana Stepanova, Radek Fedr and Ivan Rychlik

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:67

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The host-associated defence system responsible for the clearance of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) from infected pigs is currently poorly understood. To better understand the dynam...

    Authors: Salik Nazki, Amina Khatun, Chang-Gi Jeong, Sameer ul Salam Mattoo, Suna Gu, Sim-In Lee, Seung-Chai Kim, Ji-Hyo Park, Myoun-Sik Yang, Bumseok Kim, Choi-Kyu Park, Sang-Myeong Lee and Won-Il Kim

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:66

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Haemonchus contortus has evolved highly integrated and sophisticated mechanisms to promote coexistence with hosts. The excretory-secretory (ES) products generated by this parasite contribute to the regulation of ...

    Authors: Mingmin Lu, Xiaowei Tian, Zhang Yang, Wenjuan Wang, Ai-Ling Tian, Charles Li, Ruofeng Yan, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song and Xiangrui Li

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:65

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Nodavirus, or nervous necrosis virus (NNV), is the causative agent of viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER), a severe disease affecting numerous fish species worldwide. European sea bass, a cultured speci...

    Authors: Raquel Lama, Patricia Pereiro, Valentina Valenzuela-Muñoz, Cristian Gallardo-Escárate, Lluis Tort, Antonio Figueras and Beatriz Novoa

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:64

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Salmon gill poxvirus (SGPV) infection is a common denominator in many cases of complex gill disease in the Norwegian salmon farming industry and may, as a single agent infection, result in salmon poxvirus dise...

    Authors: Even Thoen, Haitham Tartor, Marit Amundsen, Ole Bendik Dale, Karoline Sveinsson, Hans Petter Rønning, Estelle Grønneberg, Maria Krudtå Dahle and Mona Cecilie Gjessing

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:63

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The porcine Helicobacter suis and canine-feline H. heilmannii are gastric Helicobacter species with zoonotic potential. However, little is known about the pathogenesis of human infections with these Helicobacter ...

    Authors: Helena Berlamont, Chloë De Witte, Eva Bauwens, Hannah Min Jou, Richard Ducatelle, Ellen De Meester, Yannick Gansemans, Dieter Deforce, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, Freddy Haesebrouck and Annemieke Smet

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:62

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Hsp40/DnaJ family proteins play important roles in the infection process of various viruses. Porcine DNAJB6 (pDNAJB6) is a major member of this family, but its role in modulating the replication of porcine cir...

    Authors: Cong Han, Qian Du, Lei Zhu, Nannan Chen, Le Luo, Qiao Chen, Jiatong Yin, Xingchen Wu, Dewen Tong and Yong Huang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:61

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Tenacibaculum maritimum is responsible for tenacibaculosis, a devastating marine fish disease. This filamentous bacterium displays a very broad host range and a worldwide geographical distribution. We analyzed an...

    Authors: Sébastien Bridel, Frédéric Bourgeon, Arnaud Marie, Denis Saulnier, Sophie Pasek, Pierre Nicolas, Jean-François Bernardet and Eric Duchaud

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:60

    Content type: Research article

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  16. We report the generation, characterization and epitope mapping of a panel of 26 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the VP1 capsid protein of feline calicivirus (FCV). Two close but distinct linear epitopes w...

    Authors: Carolina Cubillos-Zapata, Iván Angulo, Horacio Almanza, Belén Borrego, María Zamora-Ceballos, José R. Castón, Ignacio Mena, Esther Blanco and Juan Bárcena

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:59

    Content type: Short report

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  17. Bovine ephemeral fever is a vector-borne disease of ruminants that occurs in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Australia. The disease is caused by a rhabdovirus, bovine ephemeral fever viru...

    Authors: Kim R. Blasdell, Steven S. Davis, Rhonda Voysey, Dieter M. Bulach, Deborah Middleton, Sinead Williams, Margaret B. Harmsen, Richard P. Weir, Sandra Crameri, Susan J. Walsh, Grantley R. Peck, Robert B. Tesh, David B. Boyle, Lorna F. Melville and Peter J. Walker

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:58

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Conserved epitopes are targets commonly researched to be part of universal vaccine candidates against influenza viruses (IV). These conserved epitopes need to be cross-protecting against distinct IV subtypes a...

    Authors: Marta Sisteré-Oró, Gabriel K. Pedersen, Lorena Córdoba, Sergi López-Serrano, Dennis Christensen and Ayub Darji

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:57

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Butyrate has been used extensively as a feed additive to improve gut health and to decrease Salmonella colonization in poultry. Salmonella mainly colonizes the ceca so butyrate concentrations should be increased ...

    Authors: Lonneke Onrust, Steve Baeyen, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle and Filip Van Immerseel

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:56

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Early weaning-induced stress causes diarrhoea, thereby reducing the growth performance of piglets. Gut bacterial dysbiosis has emerged as a leading cause of post-weaning diarrhoea. The present study aimed to i...

    Authors: Wenjie Tang, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Jun He, Zhiqing Huang, Ping Zheng, Xiangbing Mao, Yuheng Luo, Junqiu Luo, Quyuan Wang, Huifen Wang and Jie Yu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:55

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In herds with Mycoplasma bovis circulation, colostrum is often considered infectious. However, in contrast to milk, the presence of M. bovis in colostrum was not previously evidenced. In this survey, the presence...

    Authors: Linde Gille, Julien Evrard, Jozefien Callens, Karlien Supré, Fabien Grégoire, Filip Boyen, Freddy Haesebrouck, Piet Deprez and Bart Pardon

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:54

    Content type: Short report

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  22. Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infection causes severe inflammation and is a highly contagious disease in poultry. Virulent NDV strains (GM) induce large quantities of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which is the centr...

    Authors: Pei Gao, Libin Chen, Lei Fan, Jinlian Ren, Haoyun Du, Minhua Sun, Yaling Li, Peng Xie, Qiuyan Lin, Ming Liao, Chenggang Xu, Zhangyong Ning, Chan Ding, Bin Xiang and Tao Ren

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:53

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Previous studies reported that Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) causes immune dysregulation in chickens. However, the underlying mechanisms of immune dysregulation in chickens are still unclear. The thymus is a prim...

    Authors: Chunli Chen, Jichang Li, Wei Zhang, Syed Waqas Ali Shah and Muhammad Ishfaq

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:52

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Diseases of the respiratory system are known to negatively impact the profitability of the pig industry, worldwide. Considering the relatively short lifespan of pigs, lesions can be still evident at slaughter,...

    Authors: Abigail R. Trachtman, Luca Bergamini, Andrea Palazzi, Angelo Porrello, Andrea Capobianco Dondona, Ercole Del Negro, Andrea Paolini, Giorgio Vignola, Simone Calderara and Giuseppe Marruchella

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:51

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Two experiments were performed to investigate the effect of different ratios of arginine (Arg) to lysine (Lys) in diets with low (30% Lys; Experiment 1) and high (45% Lys; Experiment 2) methionine (Met) levels...

    Authors: Katarzyna Ognik, Paweł Konieczka, Dariusz Mikulski and Jan Jankowski

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:50

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Bacterial exopolysaccharides (EPSs) are known to modulate immunity. To date, a plethora of studies have reported the effect of EPSs on intestinal cells; however few works have revealed a complete picture of th...

    Authors: Ľudmila Tkáčiková, Evelína Mochnáčová, Punit Tyagi, Zuzana Kiššová and Mangesh Bhide

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:49

    Content type: Research article

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  27. An intravenous pathogenicity index (IVPI) of > 1.2 in chickens or, in case of subtypes H5 and H7, expression of a polybasic hemagglutinin cleavage site (HACS), signals high pathogenicity (HP). Viruses of the H...

    Authors: Rokshana Parvin, Jan Schinkoethe, Christian Grund, Reiner Ulrich, Franziska Bönte, Klaus P. Behr, Matthias Voss, Mohammed A. Samad, Kareem E. Hassan, Christine Luttermann, Martin Beer and Timm Harder

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:48

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To better understand the host response to porcine reproductive and respiratory virus-2 (PRRSV2) we evaluated circulating thyroid hormone and associated gene expression in a late gestation challenge model. Preg...

    Authors: J. Alex Pasternak, Daniel J. MacPhee and John C. S. Harding

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:47

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Infection with Bordetella bronchiseptica (Bb), a pathogen involved in canine infectious respiratory disease complex, can be confirmed using culture or qPCR. Studies about the canine lung microbiota (LM) are recen...

    Authors: Aline Fastrès, Morgane A. Canonne, Bernard Taminiau, Frederic Billen, Mutien-Marie Garigliany, Georges Daube and Cécile Clercx

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:46

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Yersinia ruckeri is a facultative intracellular enterobacterium mostly known as the causative agent of enteric redmouth disease in salmonid fish. In the present study, we applied RNA inhibition to silence twenty ...

    Authors: Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Oskar Schachner, Mark L. Lawrence and Mansour El-Matbouli

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:45

    Content type: Short report

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  31. Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infections are one of the major constraints for grazing sheep and goat production worldwide. Genetic selection for resistant animals is a promising control strategy. Whole-trans...

    Authors: Hadeer M. Aboshady, Nathalie Mandonnet, Yoann Félicité, Julien Hira, Aurore Fourcot, Claude Barbier, Anna M. Johansson, Elisabeth Jonas and Jean-Christophe Bambou

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:44

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Trichinella spiralis is an important foodborne parasitic nematode that represents an enormous threat to the food safety of pork meat. The development of a preventive vaccine is valuable for the prevention and con...

    Authors: Xin Zhuo Zhang, Xiang Yuan Sun, Ying Bai, Yan Yan Song, Chen Xi Hu, Xiangrui Li, Jing Cui and Zhong Quan Wang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:43

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The mechanisms of transmission of influenza A virus (IAV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in pigs during the pre-weaning period are not fully elucidated. Since viable IAV and PR...

    Authors: Jorge Garrido-Mantilla, Marie R. Culhane and Montserrat Torremorell

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:42

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Eimeria tenella has emerged as valuable model organism for studying the biology and immunology of protozoan parasites with the establishment of the reverse genetic manipulation platform. In this report, we descri...

    Authors: Xinming Tang, Jingxia Suo, Lin Liang, Chunhui Duan, Dandan Hu, Xiaolong Gu, Yonglan Yu, Xianyong Liu, Shangjin Cui and Xun Suo

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:41

    Content type: Short report

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  35. GtxA, a leukotoxic RTX-toxin, has been proposed a main virulence factor of Gallibacterium anatis. To evaluate the impact of GtxA during infection, we experimentally infected laying hens with a G. anatis wild-type...

    Authors: Bo Tang, Susanne E. Pors, Bodil M. Kristensen, Ragnhild Bager J. Skjerning, Rikke H. Olsen and Anders M. Bojesen

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:40

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Trichinellosis is an important food-borne parasitic zoonosis throughout the world. At present, the mechanisms of Trichinella spiralis infection remain unclear. Acquiring detailed information on the host-Trichinel...

    Authors: Xiao Han Ma, Hui Jun Ren, Ruo Yu Peng, Yi Li and Liang Ming

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:39

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Rhodococcus equi is an intracellular veterinary pathogen that is becoming resistant to current antibiotherapy. Genes involved in preserving redox homeostasis could be promising targets for the development of nove...

    Authors: Álvaro Mourenza, Cristina Collado, Natalia Bravo-Santano, José A. Gil, Luís M. Mateos and Michal Letek

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:38

    Content type: Short report

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  38. Chitosan nanoparticles (CNPs) represent an efficient vaccination tool to deliver immunogenic antigens to the antigen-presenting cells (APCs), which subsequently stimulate protective immune responses against in...

    Authors: Irshad Ahmed Hajam, Amal Senevirathne, Chamit Hewawaduge, Jehyoung Kim and John Hwa Lee

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:37

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Mannheimia haemolytica serotype A2 is the principal cause of pneumonic mannheimiosis in ovine and caprine livestock; this disease is a consequence of immune suppression caused by stress and associated viruses and...

    Authors: Christian Avalos-Gómez, Magda Reyes-López, Gerardo Ramírez-Rico, Efrén Díaz-Aparicio, Edgar Zenteno, Cynthia González-Ruiz and Mireya de la Garza

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:36

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Akkermansia muciniphila, a novel mucin-degrading bacterium, has been demonstrated to prevent the development of obesity and related complications. However, whether it can protect poultry from intestinal mucosal d...

    Authors: Linda Zhu, Xiaoxi Lu, Li Liu, Josef Voglmeir, Xiang Zhong and Qinghua Yu

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:34

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Fasciola hepatica has been shown to have a high capacity for immunomodulation of the host response, making the development of protective vaccines extremely difficult. One of these immunomodulation mechanisms is t...

    Authors: María Teresa Ruiz-Campillo, Verónica Molina-Hernández, María José Bautista, Isabel L. Pacheco, Rafael Zafra, Leandro Buffoni, Francisco Javier Martínez-Moreno, Alvaro Martínez-Moreno and José Pérez

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:33

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The presence of non-aureus staphylococci (NAS) in bovine rectal feces has recently been described. Similar to other mastitis causing pathogens, shedding of NAS in the environment could result in intramammary i...

    Authors: Ameline Wuytack, Anneleen De Visscher, Sofie Piepers, Freddy Haesebrouck and Sarne De Vliegher

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:32

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is considered as the primary pathogen of porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD), which results in significant economic losses worldwide. Clinically, PCV2 often causes di...

    Authors: Qing Wang, Hong Zhou, Huixing Lin, Zhe Ma and Hongjie Fan

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:31

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by cestode species of the genus Echinococcus, which demonstrates considerable medical and veterinary concerns. The development of novel drugs for echinococcosis treatme...

    Authors: Qi Xin, Miaomiao Yuan, Huanping Li, Xiaoxia Song, Jun Lu and Tao Jing

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:29

    Content type: Short report

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  45. The pore-forming protein epsilon toxin (Etx) from Clostridium perfringens produces acute perivascular edema affecting several organs, especially the brain and lungs. Despite the toxin evident effect on microvascu...

    Authors: Jonatan Dorca-Arévalo, Eduard Dorca, Benjamín Torrejón-Escribano, Marta Blanch, Mireia Martín-Satué and Juan Blasi

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:27

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Probiotic pretreatment is an effective non-antibiotic strategy for preventing or controlling Salmonella infections. We found that Lactobacillus johnsonii L531, isolated from the colon of a clinically healthy wean...

    Authors: Gui-Yan Yang, Bing Xia, Jin-Hui Su, Ting He, Xiao Liu, Liang Guo, Shuai Zhang, Yao-Hong Zhu and Jiu-Feng Wang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:26

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Non-structural protein 1 (NS1) of influenza virus is a multifunctional protein that plays an important role in virus replication and virulence. In this study, an acetylation modification was identified at the ...

    Authors: Jingjiao Ma, Rujuan Wu, Guanlong Xu, Yuqiang Cheng, Zhaofei Wang, Heng’an Wang, Yaxian Yan, Jinxiang Li and Jianhe Sun

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:20

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Marek’s disease (MD) is a contagious disease of domestic chickens caused by MD viruses. MD has been controlled primarily by vaccinations, yet sporadic outbreaks of MD take place worldwide. Commonly used MD vac...

    Authors: Lei Zhang, Chen Zhu, Mohammad Heidari, Kunzhe Dong, Shuang Chang, Qingmei Xie and Huanmin Zhang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:19

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a significant threat to the global swine industry. Porcine sialoadhesin (poSn) has been previously shown to mediate PRRSV attachment and internali...

    Authors: Yingqi Liu, Rui Li, Songlin Qiao, Xin-xin Chen, Ruiguang Deng and Gaiping Zhang

    Citation: Veterinary Research 2020 51:18

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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