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Table 3 Total number of individuals managed after 10 consecutive years of untargeted and targeted management scenarios.

From: Targeted strategies for the management of wildlife diseases: the case of brucellosis in Alpine ibex

  TR scenarios
TRall (reference) TRcore TRfemale TRcorefemale
Number (over 10 years)
 Captured 310 [273–350] 296 [255–329]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
207 [168–246]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
184 [141–224]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)a
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)b
 Removed 52 [7–144] 68 [10–178]
\(\uparrow\) (p < 0.001)
52 [7–112]
\(\downarrow\) (p = 0.006)
54 [7–118]
(p = 0.310)
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)a
(p = 0.070)b
  TRC scenarios
TRCall (reference) TRCcore TRCfemale TRCcorefemale
Number (over 10 years)
 Captured 264 [224–301] 252 [196–294]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
144 [105–181]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
124 [66–160]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)a
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)b
 Removed 48 [7–126] 58 [8–142]
\(\uparrow\) (p < 0.001)
39 [6–89]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
34 [6–81]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)a
\(\downarrow\) (p = 0.001)b
 Culled 131 [114–148] 131 [113–147]
(p = 0.938)
107 [86–123]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
99 [77–121]
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)a
\(\downarrow\) (p < 0.001)b
  1. Results obtained under the short-delay in density-dependence assumption (see Additional file 3 for the medium-delay and the long-delay in density-dependence assumptions). Results are indicated as median [95% credible intervals]. The p-values of the Mann–Whitney test for the distributions of the outputs compared to TR(C)all (reference) are indicated in parentheses. All scenarios had an objective of 50 individuals captured per year, and TRC scenarios had an additional objective of 20 unmarked individuals culled per year.
  2. TR: test-and-remove, TRC: TR combined with the culling of unmarked individuals, TR(C)core: targeted towards the core area of the massif, TR(C)female: targeted towards females, TR(C)corefemale: targeted towards both females and the core area (multilevel).
  3. aReference: TR(C)core.
  4. bReference: TR(C)female.