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Table 2 Chronically infected bulls included in this study

From: Identification of molecular biomarkers associated with disease progression in the testis of bulls infected with Besnoitia besnoiti

Bull number Clinical stage Age (months) Breed Geographical origin Clinical signs and lesions Serology
IgM ELISA IgG ELISA WB Avidity
RIPC POS ( +) /NEG (-) RIPC POS ( +) /NEG (-) POS ( +) /NEG (-)  
B8 Chronic Adult1 Charolais Guadalajara Folds and hyperkeratosis in scrotum, skin of perineum, carpus and tarsus. No presence of cysts in scleral conjunctiva 102.72  +  125.22  +   +  95
B9 Chronic Adult Charolais Guadalajara Folds and hyperkeratosis in scrotum, skin of perineum, carpus and tarsus. No presence of cysts in scleral conjunctiva 79.86  +  105.69  +   +  125
B10 Chronic Adult Pirenaica Navarra Numerous cysts in scrotal skin 136.87  +  81.91  +   +  49
B11 Chronic Adult Limousin Cáceres Numerous cysts in scrotal skin 54.57 54.75  +   +  66
B12 Chronic 59 Avileña Badajoz Folds and hyperkeratosis in scrotum, skin of perineum, carpus and tarsus. Presence of cysts in scleral conjunctiva 90.14  +  48.51  +   +  18
B13 Chronic 24 Avileña Badajoz Folds and hyperkeratosis in scrotum, skin of perineum, carpus and tarsus. Presence of cysts in scleral conjunctiva 75.92  +  56.02  +   +  58
B14 Chronic 36 Avileña Badajoz Folds and hyperkeratosis in scrotum, skin of perineum, carpus and tarsus. Presence of cysts in scleral conjunctiva 79.15  +  94.87  +   +  77
B15 Chronic 23 Avileña Badajoz Folds and hyperkeratosis in scrotum, skin of perineum, carpus and tarsus. Presence of cysts in scleral conjunctiva 103.32  +  60.39  +   +  73
B16 Chronic 23 Avileña Badajoz Folds and hyperkeratosis in scrotum, skin of perineum, carpus and tarsus. Presence of cysts in scleral conjunctiva 92.32  +  84.63  +   +  64
B17 Chronic 48 Limousin Madrid Numerous cysts in scrotal skin n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a n.a
  1. 1Bull in reproductive age more than 15 months.
  2.  + . positive animal; ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; WB, Western blot; na, not available; RIPC, relative index percent.