Skip to main content

Table 1 Main zoonotic or non-zoonotic neurotropic viruses affecting domestic animals

From: Cerebral organoids and their potential for studies of brain diseases in domestic animals

Virus family/Genus Virus Domestic species affected, (Z) Confirmed/suspected reservoir Reference
Rhabdoviridae
 Lyssavirus Rabies virus (RABV) Mammals, (Z) Bat [106]
 Lyssavirus Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) Pig, cattle, horses (Z)   [107]
Flaviviridae
 Flavivirus Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) Pig, horses, chicken, (Z) Mosquitoes [108]
  West Nile virus (WNV) Pig, cattle, sheep, horse, dog, cats (Z) Mosquitoes, Corvidae [108]
  Louping Ill virus (LIV) Sheep, (Z) Ticks [108, 109]
  Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) Cattle, goats, Horses, (Z) Ticks, small rodents [108]
Alphaviridae
 Togavirus Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) Horses, (Z) Mosquitoes [108]
  Western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV) Horses, (Z) Mosquitoes [108]
  Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) Horses, (Z) Mosquitoes [108]
Bornaviridae
 Orthobornavirus Borna disease virus 1 (BoDV-1) Horses, sheep, squirrels, (Z) Bicolored white-toothed shrew [108]
Paramixoviridae
 Henipavirus Nipah virus (NiV) Pigs, (Z) Bats [113]
 Henipavirus Hendra virus (HeV) Horses, (Z) Bats [113]
Buynaviridae
 Bunyavirus Schmallenberg virus (SBV) Cattle, Sheep, goat Culicoides [114]
Herpesviridae
 Alphaherpesviridae Herpes virus équin 1 (HVE 1) Horses   [115]