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Figure 4 | Veterinary Research

Figure 4

From: Klebsiella pneumoniae infection causes mitochondrial damage and dysfunction in bovine mammary epithelial cells

Figure 4

Effects of Klebsiella pneumoniae on oxidative response in bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMECs). bMECs incubated with Klebsiella pneumoniae (strain HLJ-D2 and HB-AF5) for 0, 1, 3, 6 and 12 h were collected for assessment of malondialdehyde (MDA) (A), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) (B) and ROS concentrations (C). C Concentrations of ROS were assessed using fluorescence microscopy. D Concentrations of ROS were quantified with Image J software. Data are mean ± SD of three independent experiments. Statistical significance indicated by: P < 0.05,   P < 0.01 for comparisons of HLJ-D2 and HB-AF5 to the control group, and #P < 0.05, ##P < 0.01 for comparisons between HLJ-D2 and HB-AF5 at the same time point.

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