Role of GAPDH in
adhesion to PIECs.
A–C Blue color indicates the PIEC nucleus, green indicates PIEC microfilaments (actin), red indicates rGAPDH adhering to PIEC membranes. D Adhesion inhibition assay of E. rhusiopathiae to PIECs. Adhesion rate: number of CFU recovered in rGAPDH incubated group/number of CFU recovered in PBS incubated group × 100%. Data are expressed as mean ± SD of at least three experiments with samples in triplicate.