Skip to main content

Table 4 Risk factors associated with the prevalence of C. difficile in cows and third age group of calves (57–180 days)

From: Identification of risk factors influencing Clostridium difficile prevalence in middle-size dairy farms

Age group

Cows

Calves 57–180 days

Risk factors

Odds ratio

CI, low

CI, up

P value

P.bh

Odds ratio

CI, low

CI, up

P value

P.bh

Intestinal parasites cows

0.67

0.27

1.67

0.397

0.685

1.11

0.45

2.73

0.805

0.899

Intestinal parasites calves

0.97

0.47

1.98

0.937

0.976

1.12

0.53

2.37

0.760

0.899

Dietary change

5.00

2.06

12.11

0.001

0.007

2.84

1.10

7.35

0.030

0.289

Heat index

0.95

0.91

0.99

0.046

0.323

0.98

0.93

1.02

0.423

0.899

Breed

1.80

0.58

5.57

0.304

0.685

2.82

1.23

6.47

0.014

0.268

Antibiotic treatment: cows

1.72

0.86

3.43

0.118

0.323

1.26

0.59

2.69

0.545

0.899

Other treatment: cows

1.85

0.91

3.74

0.087

0.323

1.16

0.51

2.60

0.715

0.899

GI diseases: cows

1.60

0.54

4.68

0.390

0.685

0.86

0.18

4.18

0.862

0.909

Mastitis

1.30

0.58

2.88

0.513

0.750

1.16

0.48

2.78

0.736

0.899

Other diseases: cow

3.38

0.72

15.73

0.119

0.323

0.00

0.00

1.000

1.000

Antibiotic treatment: calves

0.64

0.19

2.11

0.468

0.741

0.56

0.12

2.64

0.472

0.899

Other treatment: calves

1.18

0.46

3.02

0.723

0.858

1.26

0.44

3.61

0.664

0.899

GI diseases: calves

0.00

0.00

0.976

0.976

1.55

0.16

14.32

0.696

0.899

Other diseases: calves

1.40

0.42

4.66

0.5764

0.782

1.33

0.35

5.06

0.669

0.899

Meteorological season-winter vs

   

0.060

0.323

   

0.230

0.899

 Spring

1.20

0.48

3.00

0.693

0.858

1.52

0.57

4.01

0.395

0.899

 Autumn

0.55

0.14

2.10

0.391

0.685

0.58

0.14

2.36

0.451

0.899

 Summer

0.32

0.09

1.14

0.079

0.323

0.64

0.17

2.34

0.503

0.899

  1. CI: 95% confidential intervals.
  2. P.bh: P values adjusted with Benjamimi and Hochberg method.