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Table 2 Results for individual fecal samples from calves and molecular characterization of isolated C. difficile strains

From: Identification of risk factors influencing Clostridium difficile prevalence in middle-size dairy farms

Samples Farm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Overall %
  No. calves 171 48 97 160 121 69 263 125 48 153 73 98 110 313 83 59 157 70 184 40 2442 100
Analysis DNA isol. 44 24 6 92 83 26 11 58 2 67 34 6 6 185 62 26 81 41 52 12 918 37.6
  qPCR + 11 8 1 17 32 15 2 15 2 10 9 1 1 30 29 12 24 14 6 4 243 10
  Culture + 2 5 1 8 7 6 2 4 1 5 2 1 0 11 17 7 11 10 (9) 2 0 102 (101) 4.2 (4.1)
Ribotype Toksinotype                       
001/072 0 1                     1 1
002 0        1 1       1        3 2.9
003 0       1                1 1
005 0    1                   1 1
012 0           3     1        4 3.9
014/020 0        1         1       2 2
018 0          1             1 1
023 IV            1           1 1
033 XIa 1 5   8 7 5     1   1   9 16 7 11 6    77 75.5
071 Tox-                    2   2 2
077 0                   3    3 2.9
SLO 029 0                   1    1 1
SLO 036 0            1           1 1
SLO 084 Tox-         2              2 2
SLO 116 Tox-         1              1 1
SLO 195 0           1            1 1