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Table 1 Dairy farm characteristics and health status

From: Identification of risk factors influencing Clostridium difficile prevalence in middle-size dairy farms

Farm characteristics Health status
Farm Housing type Cattle type Farm location No. dairy cows Paratuberculosis Listeriosis BVD IBR
Farm 1 Free + Grazing Holstein–Friesian Rural 17–21
Farm 2 Tie Holstein–Friesian Rural 11–13 +
Farm 3 Tie Holstein–Friesian Village 10–13 +
Farm 4 Tie Holstein–Friesian Village 23–27 +
Farm 5 Free Holstein–Friesian Village 21–24 +
Farm 6 Tie Holstein–Friesian Village 14–18
Farm 7 Free Holstein–Friesian Village 23–26
Farm 8 Tie Holstein–Friesian Village 29–33 + +
Farm 9 Tie Holstein–Friesian Village 16–19
Farm 10 Tie Holstein–Friesian Village 16–20 + + +
Farm 11 Tie + Grazing Simmental Rural 14–16
Farm 12 Tie Holstein–Friesian Rural 27–33 +
Farm 13 Tie Mixed Rural 16–18
Farm 14 Tie Simmental Town 11–18 +
Farm 15 Tie Simmental Town 13–15
Farm 16 Tie Simmental Town 13–15
Farm 17 Free Simmental Village 31–40 +
Farm 18 Tie Simmental Rural 11–14 +
Farm 19 Free Holstein–Friesian Village 32–37 +
Farm 20 Tie Simmental Rural 9–11 +
Total (%) 9–40 0/20 (0%) 10/20 (50%) 1/20 (5%) 4/20 (20%)
  1. BVD: Bovine viral diarrhea, IBR: Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, Free: Free range.